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Who settled in Mesopotamia about 3000 B.C.? Sumerians
Their area of Mesopotamia was known as what? Sumer
What does Mesopotamia mean? The land between the rivers
What was the fertile area around Mesopotamia called? Fertile Crescent
What is the earliest civilization known on Earth? Sumerian Civilization
What did the Sumerians learn to control? The Twin Rivers
What were the names of the tow rivers? Tigris and Euphrates
What would the twin rivers leave behind after a flood? Natural levees
When would the Sumerians poke holes in the levees? when the land became too dry
What was their cheif crop? barley
What was there little of in Sumer? timber
What did they mix together to move bricks? crushed reeds, and mud
What was a great city of Sumer? Ur
What was considered a state in itself? a city
What was each city-state made up of? the city and the farmland around it
What were the walls around the city for? to keep out lions and bandits
Where did the upper class live? middle of the city
What was the middle class made up of? government officials, shopkeepers, and artisans
What was the lower class made up of? farmers, unskilled workers, and fishermen
Why would city-states go to war? to fight over boundary line disputes
What does ziggurat mean, and where were they located? they were in the middle of each city-state and it means mountain of god, or hill of heaven
Ziggurats were thought to be the home of the city's cheif god, and who could only enter one? priests
Around the ziggurats were what, where great events were celebrated, where artisans worked, children went to school, and goods were stored? courts
All forces of nature were viewed as what to Sumerians? gods
Male gods created humans to be their what? servents
Why were the humans on Earth? to please the gods
Priests were very powerful because why? they knew the will of the gods
School was only for who, what did they learn, and how did they write? sons of the rich, they learned to be scribes, and they wrote in cuneiformb
Created by: mcarts