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Bryz MT/NAR Chap 3

Medical Terminology/NAR Chapter 3 Terms

TermDefinition
Actinic Keratosis rough, scaly potentially precancerous growth on the skin caused by years of sun exposure
Albinism group of inherited disorders with little or no melanin production
Alopecia hair thinning and loss
Capillary Hemangioma strawberry birthmark
Crust scab
Cryosurgery application of freezing devices for skin treatment
Cyst abnormal fluid-filled sac
Debridement removal of damaged tissue or foreign objects from a wound.
Dermabrasion exfoliating technique that uses a rotating instrument to remove the outer layers of skin, usually on the face
Dermatitis skin inflammation and irritation
Dermatoplasty use of skin grafts in plastic surgery to correct defects or replace skin destroyed by injury or disease
Diaphoresis sweating
Dysplastic Nevi abnormal growth of moles
Eczema itchy, red rash that weeps serous fluid and may become crusted or scaly
Erythroderma intense and usually widespread reddening of the skin due to inflammatory skin disease
Gangrene death of body tissue due to lack of blood flow or bacterial infection
Hematoma swelling of clotted blood within tissues
Hyperhidrosis excessive sweating
Keratosis (seborrheic) – benign skin growth that has a waxy or "pasted-on" look
Laceration a deep sometimes jagged cut or tear in skin or flesh
Lipedema symmetric enlargement due to deposits of fat beneath the skin
Lipocytes fat cells
Lipoma slow growing, fatty lump
Lunula half-mooned shape layer of maturing nail at the root
Lupus Erythematosus autoimmune disease causing butterfly-shaped skin lesions with a red rash on both cheeks joined across the bridge of the nose
Macule small, flat spot or patch on skin
Malignant Melanoma formed from melanin producing cells and starts as irregularly shaped black mole
Necrotizing Fasciitis rare bacterial infection that spreads quickly in the body
Nevus birthmark
Onychia also known a onychitis and is nail inflammation
Onychocryptosis ingrown toenail
Psoriasis itchy, flaky, red patches of skin of various sizes covered with white or silvery scales.
Pustule if a comedo bursts this is a small blister or pimple on the skin containing pus
Rhytidectomy surgical removal of wrinkles
Rosacea Persistent rash of the central face caused by enlarged capillaries
Second Degree Burn partial thickness burn that goes through the epidermis and part of the dermis with blisters showing and severe pain present
Squamous Cell Carcinoma comes from the cells in the middle layers of the epidermis
Tinea ringworm
Ulcer (Pressure ulcer ) when the blood supply to the skin is cut off and causes cells to die and tissues to wear away
Verrucae wart
Xeroderma dry skin
Created by: ebryzgornia