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WHI Renaissance

Based off of VaDOE SOLs

What are three economic effects of the Crusades? Increased demand for Middle Eastern products; Stimulated products to trade with Middle Eastern; Encouraged use of banking and credit
What is usury? Charging of interest on a loan
Who did not like usury and thought it was a sin? Church
Who like usury because they made money? Merchants (people borrowed money from merchants and then had to pay it back with interest- usury)
The dispute over usury led to what in northern Italy? secularization (people focused more on worldly issues, not religion)
What new economic concepts were a foundation of the early Renaissance? Letters of credit expanded trade, new accounting and bookkeeping practices (use of Arabic numerals) led to more organization
What three cities in Northern Italy were centers of trade and served as trading centers? Genoa, Florence, Venice
Who wrote The Prince? Machiavelli
What was The Prince about? Early modern treatise on government; supports absolute power of rule; end justifies the means; You should do good when possible and evil when necessary
What is the theme of the Renaissance Humanism (individualism)
Who supported artists in the Renaissance and allowed Humanism to progress? Patrons
Who painted the Sistene Chapel ceiling? Michelangelo
Who painted the Mona Lisa? Leonardo da Vinci
Who painted the Last Supper? Leonardo da Vinci
Who sculpted the more "manly" version of David. Michelangelo
Who wrote sonnets, was a humanist scholar and considered the father of Humanism? Petrarch
What classical civilizations did Renaissance art focus upon? Greece and Rome
When the Italian Renaissance started to spread, where did it go? North into Europe (known as the Northern Renaissance)
What did Northern Renaissance thinkers merge Humanist ideas with? Christianity
Who created a moveable type printing press? Johann Gutenberg
What are some effects of the printing press? cheaper books, production of books, dissemmination (spread) of ideas
Who wrote The Praise of Folly? Erasmus
Who wrote Utopia? Sir Thomas More
Created by: wengerkl