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W History - Topic 8

W History - Topic 8 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
hijra Muhammad’s journey from Mecca to Medina in 622
mosque Muslim house of worship
Quran sacred text of Islam
hajj one of the Five Pillars of Islam, the pilgrimage that all Muslims are expected to make at least once in their lifetime
Sharia body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the Quran and applies Islamic principles to everyday life
caliph successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
Sufi Muslim mystic who seeks communion with God through meditation, fasting, and other rituals
minaret slender tower of a mosque, from which Muslims are called to prayer
sultan Muslim ruler
social mobility the ability to move in social class
calligraphy the art of producing beautiful handwriting
janizary a member of the elite forces of the Ottoman army
shah king
savanna grassy plain with irregular patterns of rainfall
cataract waterfall
desertification process by which fertile or semi-fertile land becomes desert
surplus an amount that is more than needed; excess
commodity valuable product
Swahili an East African culture that emerged about A.D 1000; also a Bantu-based language, blending Arabic words and written in Arabic script.
nuclear family family unit consisting of parents and children
patrilineal kinship ties that are passed on through the father’s side of the family
matrilineal kinship ties that are passed on through the mother’s side of the family
lineage a group claiming a common ancestor
consensus widespread agreement among all members of a group
griot professional storyteller in early West Africa
Created by: brittlloyd