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Feudal Europe

TermDefinition
Armor A covering, usually made of metal or leather, worn to protect the body during fighting
Barbarian A person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized
Charlemagne King of the Franks who conquered much of Europe and spread Christianity in the conquered regions
Chivalry the code of conduct of medieval European knights, focusing on bravery, honor, and respect toward women and the weak
Christianity A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
Duke The highest type of European noble, ranking just below a prince
Feudalism a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; lords gave land to vassals in exchange for service and loyalty
Fief land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
Guild an association of people sharing a trade or craft, intended to control the quality and quantity of their production and to protect their interests
Heretic a person who holds beliefs that are contrary to a set of religious teachings of a church or other group
Hierarchy A system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges
Knight a highly trained mounted warrior in the service of a noble during the European Middle Ages
Lord A powerful landholding noble
Manor the estate of a feudal noble (lord), usually including a fortified building or castle, farmlands, and villages
Middle Ages the period of European history between the collapse of Rome and the Renaissance, lasting roughly from a.d. 500 to 1450
Moat A deep, wide ditch often filled with water
Monarch A ruler such as a king or queen
Monastery a place where members of a religious order practice a life of prayer and worship
Monk One who has taken a vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery
Peasant In feudalism, a person who worked the land
Pope the bishop of Rome and supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church The Christian church headed by the pope in Rome
Serf A peasant farmer in feudal society, who labored for a noble in exchange for protection and certain rights
Created by: mrsnorris