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Ch 7 AP H GEO Test

QuestionAnswer
from the Greek word ethnikos meaning "people, multitude, nation" ethnicity
share a cultural identity with people from the same homeland or hearth/ history ethnicities
the belief that your ethnic group is superior to others ethnocentrism
when 1 ethnic group blends into another and loses its own unique attributes assimilation
adopting some or all of the characteristics of another, dominate culture group acculturation
an equal two-way flow between culture groups transculturation
the dominant first arrivals establishing the cultural norms and standards against which other immigrant groups were measured charter groups
Who is the charter group for the US? British
Who is the charter group for Louisiana? French
ethnic enclaves small areas inhabited by particular ethnic groups found in urban areas
can hint at the presence of an ethnic enclave toponyms
What are some examples of toponyms? Polish Hill or Chinatown
a dispersed area of ethnic concentration in rural areas Ethnic Islands
percentage of Hispanics in US 15%
percentage of African Americans in US 13%
percentage of Asian Americans in US 4%
percentage of Native Americans in US 1%
things that are learned nurture
Why is the highest concentration of Hispanics in the SW US? It is the closest you can get to Latin America while still being in the US.
Why are the African Americans found in the pattern on the power point? Slavery; After they were free they did not move (South); Other than South: Job opportunities in big cities that had many big factories
What might explain the Asian Americans' area of concentration?(On power point) Closest place you can get to Asia.
What might explain the Native Americans clustered distribution? (On power point) They were forced by the government to be there (Reservations)
a group of people who share a similar biological ancestor race
the belief that one race is genetically superior to another racism
was not learned nature
After what case did the Supreme Court legalize racial segregation? Plessy V. Ferguson 1896
laws to keep the races seperated from one another, but they were supposed to have equal accommodations Jim Crow Laws
What does "De facto" mean? "In reality"
What does "De Jure" mean? "Of the law"
What case resulted in "Separate but Equal" being overturned and schools being integrated? Brown V. Board of Education 1954
Instead of integrating, whites left the cities and moved to suburbs. What is this called? White flight
real-estate agents convince whites to sell their homes to them cheaply, because blacks are moving into their neighborhoods blockbusting
South Africa was colonized by whom in the 17th century? What were they called? Dutch; Afrikaans
the physical separation of the races in South Africa apartheid
In South Africa, babies were classified as 1 of what 4 races? black, white, colored(mixed), or Asian
Who was South Africa's first black president? Nelson Mandela
the population is represented by a single culture all born in the same place nation
**NOT ALL NATIONS HAVE A STATE**
What is a nation that does not have a state? The Kurds
Where do the largest number of Kurds live? Turkey
a state whose territory corresponds to territory occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality Nation-State
choosing their own destiny self-determination
**NATION-STATES ARE STATES INHABITED BY 1 ETHNIC GROUP**
What region is mostly inhabited by Nation-States? Western Europe
loyalty and devotion to your nationality nationalism
brings people together within a particular country centripetal force
What is an example of symbols of nationalism? flags and songs
What can nationalism foster? negative images of other nation states
tear a country apart centrifugal
have multiple nations which practice self-determination within them multinational states
What is an example of a multinational state? the UK
What is currently the largest Multinational State? Russia
a process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogenous region ethnic cleansing
people that were in America first Native Americans
Created by: colorguard101