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Chapter 8

Anocracy A country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic but rather displays a mix of the two types
Autocracy A country that is run according to the interests of the ruler rather than the people
Balance of power A condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries
Boundary An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
City-state A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediately surrounding countryside
Colonialism An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory
Colony A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent
Compact state A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
Democracy A country in which citizens elect leaders and can run for office
Elongated state A state with a long, narrow shape
Federal state An internal organization of a state that allocates strong power to units of local government
Fragmented state A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Frontier A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control
Gerrymandering The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
Landlocked state A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea
Microstate A state that encompasses a very small land area
Multiethnic state A state that contains 2+ ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity
Perforated state A state that completely surrounds another
Prorupted state An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
Self-determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
Sovereignty Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
State An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs
Terrorism The systematic use of violence by a group calculated to create an atmosphere of fear and alarm among a population or to coerce a government into actions it would not otherwise undertake or refrain from actions it wants to take
Unitary state An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Created by: Yedani