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The Cold War Study

Official study guide questions and answers

International organization created after WWII, that intended to keep world peace United Nations
Conference meeting of the "Big 3" which would divide Germany into 4 allies controlled zones after WWII Yalta Conference
Represented the division between mostly democratic Western Europe and communist Eastern Europe Iron Curtain
President Truman's policy directed at blocking Soviet influence and stopping the expansion of communism Containment
Truman's economic and political support for countries that rejected Communism Truman Doctrine
Assistance program that would provide food, machinery, and other materials to rebuild western Europe Marshall Plan
Stalin's attempt to quarantine East Berlin Berlin Blockade
The United States and Great Britain's successful plan to bring supplies to quarantined East Berlin Berlin Airlift
Line that separates North and South Korea 38th Parallel
Struggle of political differences carried on by any means short of military action or war Cold War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization- Military alliance of democratic nations NATO
Military alliance of Eastern communist countries Warsaw Pact
Willingness to go to the brink or edge of war Brinkmanship
Leader of communists in China Mao Zedong
High School and college age students that formed militias under Mao Zedong Red Guards
5-year farming plan in China that was a disaster Great Leap Forward
Goal was to establish a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal Cultural Revolution
Protest of Mao Zedong's policies by college students but crushed by the Chinese military Tiananmen Square
Leader of the United Nations military during the Korean War Douglas MacArthur
Leader of the Communist Party in Vietnam Ho Chi Minh
Theory that the fall of one nation to communism would lead to others Domino Theory
Communist rebels in Vietnam; practiced guerrilla warfare Viet Cong
U.S. gradual withdrawal from Vietnam Vietnamization
Leader of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis Fidel Castro
A U.S. invasion of Cuba using trained Cuban exiles to fight for the U.S. Bay of Pigs Invasion
Chemical used to destroy vegetation in Vietnam Agent Orange
The event in which the United States and the USSR came the closest to nuclear war; it was over the soviets wanting to put missiles in a country Cuban Missile Crisis
Developing nations, often newly independent Third World Countries
Communist nations led by the Soviet Union Second World Countries
Industrialized nations including the United States and their allies First World Countries
Soviet leader after Stalin dies; involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis Nikita Khrushchev
Replaced Khrushchev; helped the Soviet Union split from China's friendly alliance Leonid Breshnev
Policy of lessening Cold War tensions De'tente
President of the United States during the Cuban Missile Crisis John F. Kennedy
President of the United States at the height of the Vietnam War Lyndon B. Johnson
President of the United States responsible for lessening tensions between the U.S. and China as well as the Soviet Union Richard Nixon
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT I
President of the United States beginning in 1981, moved away from De'tente and announced the Strategic Defense Initiative Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan's space defense program SDI Program
Leader of the Soviet Union that implemented glasnost and perestroika Mikhail Gorbachev
North Korea invades an unprepared South Korea, China joins, war becomes first proxy and first to integrate Korean War
Ho Chi Minh leads nationalists to overthrow the French and take the capitol Vietnam War
USSR invades this country in 1979 Afghanistan
Where the Chinese nationalists go to form the People's Republic of China Taiwan
Islamic leader who overthrows the Shah in Iran Khomeini
Created by: alexprice