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Enlightenment

TermDefinition
Absolutism type of government with a king/queen that has total control- believes power comes from God
Social Contract agreement between a government and its people; people give up some freedoms in exchange for government protection of its rights
Humanism the belief that people can learn and improve anything if they set their mind to it
Limited Government democratic ideal in which no one is above the law, even those in government; government has limits on its powers
Judicial Branch branch of government that reviews laws
Enlightenment movement in which many people questioned the government and attempted to improve government
Voltaire wrote about individual rights- freedom of speech and religion
Montesquieu wrote about the separation of powers- believed there should be three branches of government
Popular Sovereignty Democratic ideal which believes that power in he government comes from the people
Separation of Powers Democratic ideal which believes that power should be divided into three branches
Individual Rights democratic ideal which believes that all citizens should have certain freedoms protected.
Denis Diderot wrote an encyclopedia to help spread Enlightenment ideas throughout Europe
Thomas Hobbes wrote about social contracts; believed that humans were awful and that an absolute monarchy was the best type of government
John Locke believed humans are shaped by experiences- believed democracy was the best type of government to protect rights of life, liberty and property
Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote about popular sovereignty- that power in government should come from the people
Legislative Branch branch of government that makes laws
Executive Branch branch of government that enforces laws
Magna Carta document limited the power of Monarchs of England
Louis XIV absolute monarch of France
English Bill of Rights document that listed specific rights the English government had to protect- speech, religion, trial by jury, etc.
Created by: jblake74