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W History - Topic 7

W History - Topic 7 Vocabulary

medieval referring to the Middle Ages in Europe or the period of history between ancient and modern times
feudalism loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord
vassal in medieval Europe, a lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord
feudal contract exchange of pledges between lords and vassals
fief in medieval Europe, an estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty
knight a European noble who served as a mounted warrior
tournament a mock battle in which knights would compete against on another to display their fighting skills
chivalry code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
troubadour a wandering poet or singer of medieval Europe
manor during the Middle Ages in Europe, a lord's estate that included one or more villages and the surrounding lands
serf in medieval Europe, a peasant bound to the lord's land
secular having to do with worldly, rather than religious, matters; nonreligious
sacrament sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic Church
papal supremacy the claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers
canon law body of laws of a church
excommunication exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church law
interdict in the Roman Catholic Church, excommunication of an entire region, town, or kingdom
friar a medieval European monk who traveled from place to place preaching to the poor
icon holy image of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or a saint venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church
charter in the Middle Ages, a written document that set out the rights and privileges of a town
capital money or wealth used to invest in business or enterprise
partnership a group of merchants who joined together to finance a large-scale venture that would have been too costly for any individual trader
tenant farmer someone who would pay rent to a lord to farm part of the lord's land
middle class a group of people, including merchants, traders, and artisans, whose rank was between nobles and peasants
guild in the Middle Ages, an association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to uphold standards of their trade and to protect their economic interests
apprentice a young person learning a trade from a master
journeyman a young person learning a trade from a master
common law a legal system based on custom and court rulings
due process of law the requirement that the government act fairly and in accordance with established rules in all that it does
habeas corpus principle that a person cannot be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
lay investiture appointment of bishops by anyone who is not a member of the clergy
scholasticism in medieval Europe, the school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian belief
vernacular everyday language of ordinary people
Gothic style type of European architecture that developed in the Middle Ages, characterized by flying buttresses, ribbed vaulting, thin walls, and high roofs
flying buttress stone supports on the outside of a building that allowed builders to construct higher, thinner walls that contained large stained-glass windows.
illumination the artistic decoration of books and manuscripts
epidemic outbreak of a rapidly spreading disease
longbow six-foot-long bow that could rapidly fire arrows with enough force to pierce most armor
steppe sparse, dry, treeless grassland
Cyrillic relating to the Slavic alphabet derived from the Greek and traditionally attributed to St. Cyril; in modified form still used in modern Slavic languages
ethnic group large group of people who share the same language and cultural heritage
diet assembly or legislature
Created by: brittlloyd