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AL 101-chapter 3

Terminology

QuestionAnswer
anter/o front
caud/o tail (downward)
cephal/o head (upward)
dist/o away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
dors/o back
infer/o below
later/o side
medi/o middle
poster/o back, behind
proxim/o near (the point of attachment of a body part)
super/o above
ventr/o belly (front)
bi- two
uni- one
-ad toward
-ior pertaining to
caudad toward the tail (downward)
cephalad toward the head (upward)
lateral (lat) pertaining to a side
medial (med) pertaining to the middle
unilateral pertaining to one side (only)
bilateral pertaining to two sides
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and the side
distal pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
proximal pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
inferior (inf) pertaining to below
superior (sup) pertaining to above
caudal pertaining to the tail (similar to "inferior" in most instances related to human anatomy)
cephalic pertaining to the head
anterior (ant) pertaining to the front
posterior pertaining to the back
dorsal pertaining to the back
ventral pertaining to the belly
anteroposterior (AP) pertaining to the front and to the back
posteroanterior (PA) pertaining to the back and to the front
frontal or coronal vertical field passing through the body from side to side dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides
midsagittal divides the body into right and left halves
transverse horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions
umbilical region (1) around the navel (umbilicus)
epigastric region (1) directly above the umbilical region
hypogastric region (1) directly below the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions (2) to the right and left of the epigastric region
lumbar regions (2) to the right and left of the umbilical region
iliac regions (2) to the right and left of the hypogastric region
right upper quadrant (RUQ) refers to the area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines, and the right kidney
left upper quadrant (LUQ) refers to the area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines, and the left kidney
right lower quadrant (RLQ) refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, and the right ovary and uterine tube in women or the right spermatic duct in men
left lower quadrant (LLQ) refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men
Created by: wututor