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Chapter 7

TermDefinition
Apartheid Laws (no longer in use) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
Balkanization A process by which a state breaks through conflicts among its ethnicities
Balkanized A small geographic area that cannot successfully be organized into stable countries because it is inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other
Blockbusting A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at a low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood
Centripetal force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
Ethnic cleansing A purposeful policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to remove by violent and terror-inspiring means the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from certain from certain geographic ares
Ethnic enclave A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area
Ethnicity Identify with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth
Ethnoburb A suburban area with a cluster of a particular ethnic population
Genocide The mass killing of a group of people in an attempt to eliminate the entire group from existence
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality
Nationality Identity with a group of people who share legal attachment to a particular country
Race Identity with a group of people who are perceived to share a physiological trait, such as skin color
Racism The belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
Sharecropper A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops
Triangular slave trade A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa
Created by: Yedani