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Chapter 6

TermDefinition
Agnosticism The belief that the existence of God can't be proven empirically
Animism The belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life
Atheism The belief that God does not exist
Autonomous religion A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates internally
Branch A large and functional division within a religion
Caste The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned, according to religious law
Congregation A local assembly of persons brought together for common religious worship
Cosmogony A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
Denomination A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregation into a single legal and administrative body
Ethnic religion A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or congregation)
Ghetto During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, and economic pressure
Hierarchical religion A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
Missionary An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion
Monotheism The doctrine that of or belief in the existence of only one God
Pilgrimage A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes
Polytheism Belief in or worship of more than one god
Solstice Astronomical event that happens 2x, when the tilt of the Earth's axis's most inclined toward or away the Sun, causes the sun's position in the sky to reach it most northernmost or southernmost extreme; results in the longest and shortest days of the year
Syncretic Combining several religious traditions
Universalizing religion A language that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location
Created by: Yedani