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ch.14

TermDefinition
Crusades series of wars carried out by European Christians to gain control of the Holy land from their Muslim Rulers
Holy Land region that included Jerusalem and the area around it, considered holy by Jews, Christians and Muslims
Pope Urban II Roman Catholic Pope from 1088 to 1099; he called on Christians to launch the First Crusade
Saladin Muslim Sultan and Hero; he came paigned to drive the Christians from the Holy Land
Richard-the-Lionhearted King of England from 1189 to 1199; he fought the Holy land against Saladin during the Third Crusade
Hanseatic League an organization of north-German cities and towns that organized and controlled trade throughout northern Europe from the 1200s through the 1400s
credit an arrangement by which a purchaser borrows money from a bank or other lender and agree to pay it back over time
guilds association of people who worked at the same craft or trade during the Middle Ages
apprentice a person who learns a skill under a master of the trade
Journeyman a skilled worker who was paid wages by the master of the guild
Gothic a style of church architecture developed during the 1100s characterized by tall spires and tall buttress
flying buttress an arched stone support on the outside of buildings, which allows builders to construct higher walls
illumination the process of decorating a written manuscript with pictures or designs
Hildegard of Bingen Medieval nun and author; she wrote many poems and music to accompany them
troubadours traveling singers who entertained people during the Middle Ages
Geoffrey Chaucer English poet;he wrote The Canterbury Tales, 23 stories of pilgrims assembled at the Tabard Inn in SouthWark
Dante Alighieri Italian Poet and Humanist; He was the author of The Divine Comedy, one of the greatest literary classics
Thomas Aquinas Italian philosopher and theologian; he argued that rational thought could be used to support Roman Catholic belief
Scholasticism in the Middle ages the theological and philosophical school of thought that attempted to reconcile faith and reason
hersey an opinion that goes against the teaching of the church
Inquisition the institution of the Roman Catholic church that soupht to eliminate heresy by seeking out and puiching heretics; especially active in spain
friars members of certain Roman Catholic religious orders; first prominent on the Europe of the late middle ages; unlike monks friars preached in towns
Hundred Years´ War war fought between France and England for the French throne
Joan of Arc French soldier and national heroine; she rallied the French troops during the Hundred Years´ War and was burned at the stake for hersey
Wars of the Roses civil war for the English crown between the York and Lancaster families
Henry VII King of England; he was the first king from the house of Tudor; his defeat of Richard III and his assumption of the throne marked the end of the War of the Roses and a beginning of a new era in England´s history
Black Death a terrible outbreak of the bubonic plague that swept through Europe, beginning from 1387
Created by: patriciacruz