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Chapter 3

Asylum seeker Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee
Brain drain Large-scale emigration by talented people
Chain migration Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Circular migration The temporary movement of a migrant worker between home and host countries to seek employment
Circulation Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
Counterurbanization Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
Desertification Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions such as excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting. Also known as semiarid lend degradation
Emigration Migration from a location
Floodplain An area subject to flooding during a given number of years, according to historical trends
Forced migration Permanent movement, compelled by cultural or environmental factors
Guest worker A term once used for a worker who migrated to the developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern or Eastern Europe or from North Africa in search of higher paying jobs
Immigration Migration to a new location
Internal migration Permanent movement within a particular country
Internally displaced person (IDP) Someone who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border
International migration Permanent movement from one country to another
Interregional migration Permanent movement from one region of a country to another
Intervening obstacle An environmental or cultural feature of a landscape that hinders migration
Intraregional migration Permanent movement within one region of a country
Migration A form of relocation diffusion that involves a permanent move to a new location
Migration transition A change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produces the demographic transition
Mobility All types of movements between locations
Net migration The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Pull factor A factor that induces people to move to a new location
Push factor A factor that induces people to move to a new location
Quota In reference to migration, a law that places a maximum limit on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
Refugee Someone who is forced to migrate from his or her home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular group, or political opinion
Remittance Transfer of money by workers to people in the country from which they migrated
Unauthorized immigrant A person who enters a country without proper documents to do so
Voluntary migration Permanent movement undertaken by choice
Created by: Yedani