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GS Unit Test 1

demography The study of population
birth rate The number of live births each year per 1,000 people
population distribution The way people are spread out over an area
urbanization The movement of people to cities and the growth of cities
Life expectancy average number of years a person is expected to live
Traditions, Languages two important elements of culture
3 major economic systems Communism, Socialism, Capitalism
Communism Greatest amount of government control
Socialism Some government control but also some influence by the people
Capitalism Least amount of government control
Push/Pull Theory explains why migration occurs
Emigrate to leave a country
Immigrate move to a new country to live permanently
Why is population increasing Birth rate is increasing and the death rate is decreasing, causing population to increase.
What advancements have led to population increase Advancements in agriculture and medicine have been the most impactful to this increase.
Monarchy When a king or queen rules
Dictatorship One person has almost total control
Oligarchy A few people are in charge
Direct Democracy Used in early governments where every person had a say in the running of day-to-day affairs
Representative Democracy (Republic) When people vote to elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf
Anarchy No government, no one is in control
Culture way of life of a group of people
Customs Special, routine practices that are common to one group of people
Traditions Customs and beliefs that are passed on from one generation to the next generation
Technology The scientific knowledge and tools available to a culture
Beliefs Refers to what people believe in and how they worship
Values Beliefs about what is good, desirable, and worth holding on to
Social Structure/Organization The layers--or “class system”--within a society/Organizing people into smaller groups
Family Patterns The ways that families are structured or the roles and living arrangements of family members
Education A system for teaching people about religion, science, math, history, etc.
Recreation The things people do for fun or during free time
Government A person or group of people who make laws and other important decisions for a society
Economy How people make money, earn a living, and trade in goods and services
Basic Needs The things that cultures need to survive
Language The distinct way that people communicate, in speech or in writing
Art A culture’s creative expressions and interpretations of life
Literature Part of art
Standard of Living The material wealth and comfort available to people; how healthy, wealthy, and comfortable people are
Life Expectancy The average time a person is expected to live
Literacy Rate How many people can read or write
Per Capita GDP Used to measure the wealth of a nation
Population A particular section, group, or type of people
Population Density The average number of people living in a given area (usually square miles or square km)
Observable Culture (Things that can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted)
Examples of Observable Culture Facial expressions, Gestures, Eating habits, Recreation, Language , Clothing
Invisible Culture (Things that cannot be seen)
Examples of Invisible Culture Values, Beliefs, Concept of self
Push Factors , Lack of jobs, War, Bad economy, Political disagreements, No freedom of speech
Pull Factor Safe place/no war, Larger land area, Plenty of well paying jobs, Lots of food and shelter
Why the population of the earth is unevenly distributed Population is unevenly distributed because there are different push and pull factors that make people want to live in some places more than others
Three Most Populated Continents Asia, Africa, and Europe
Created by: 24reece