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Cardio Procedure/Disease

Allen test A test for occlusion of the radial or ulnar artery, in which one of these arteries is compressed after blood has been forced out of the hand by clenching it into a fist.
Angiogram Radiography of arteries after the injection of a radiopaque contrast material.
Arterial blood gas The direct electrode measurement of the partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood as well as pH and chloride levels.
Bone marrow biopsy Process of removing bone marrow from living patients for macroscopic diagnostic examination.
Cardiac catherization a procedure where a catheter is passed into the heart through a vein or artery, to withdraw samples of blood, measure pressures within the heart's chambers or great vessels, and inject contrast media;
Cardiac isoenzymes A test used to measure the levels of the enzyme creatine phosphokinase (CPK, CK) and the protein troponin (TnI, TnT) in the blood. Test for heart attack.
This is used mainly in the diagnosis and evaluation of congenital, rheumatic, and coronary artery lesions and to evaluate systolic and diastolic cardiac function. Cardiac catherization
Cardiac Stress Test Use of a treadmill on a patient while connected to a cardiac event monitor to measure cardiac activity while the body is under physical activity.
Clotting studies Tests used to determine the speed of the various plasma components involved in the clotting process. PT, PTT, Factor VIII assay, platelet count, fibrinogen levels.
Doppler A diagnostic instrument that emits an ultrasonic beam into the body; the ultrasound reflected from moving structures changes its frequency. Of diagnostic value in peripheral vascular and cardiac disease.
Electrocardiogram Graphic record of cardiac action.
Echocardiogram The use of ultrasound in the investigation of the structure and motion of the heart and great vessels and diagnosis of cardiovascular lesions.
Erythrocytic sedimentation rate The rate of settling of red blood cells in anticoagulated blood; increased rates are often associated with anemia or inflammatory states.
Pulse oximetry A spectrophotometric device that noninvasively estimates saturation of arterial oxyhemoglobin (SaO2) by use of selected wavelengths of light.
Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure indirectly, consisting of an inflatable cuff, inflating bulb, and a gauge showing the blood pressure.
Transesophageal echo Recording of the echocardiogram from a swallowed transducer.
Ultrasonography The location, measurement, or delineation of deep structures by measuring the reflection or transmission of high-frequency or ultrasonic waves.
Ultrasonography Computer calculation of the distance to the sound-reflecting or absorbing surface plus the known orientation of the sound beam gives a two-dimensional image.
Venogram Radiograph of opacified veins.
Angioplasty Reconstitution or recanalization of a blood vessel; may involve balloon dilation, mechanical stripping of intima, forceful injection of fibrinolytics, or placement of a stent.
Antiarrhythmic A drug with an action antagonistic to that of a loss of rhythm of the heartbeat
Anticoagulants An agent having such action to prevent coagulation.
Antiembolic stockings Specially fitted elastic stockings used to compress lower extremities, reduce blood pooling, and promote venous return, thus reducing risk of thrombus formation.
Antihypertensives Indicating a drug or mode of treatment that reduces the blood pressure
Antilipidemic Indicating a drug that reduces the production of or absorption of cholesterol, fatty acids.
Aortoplasty A procedure for surgical repair of the aorta.
Arthrectomy postural rhymic raising & lowering of lower extremities to enhance circulation to thelower extremities.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Restoration of cardiac output and pulmonary ventilation following cardiac arrest and apnea, using artificial respiration and manual closed chest compression or open chest cardiac massage.
Cardioversion Restoration of the heart's rhythm to normal by electrical countershock.
Chemotherapy Treatment of disease by means of chemical substances or drugs; usually used in reference to neoplastic disease.
Commissurotomy Surgical division of any commissure, fibrous band, or ring using surgery or a balloon catheter technique.
Coronary Artery By-Pass Graft (CABG) A surgical procedure in which damaged sections of the coronary arteries are replaced with new articular of venous grafting to increase rate of cardiac blood flow.
Corticosteroids a corticoid containing a steroid.
Defibrillation The arrest of fibrillation of the cardiac muscle (atrial or ventricular) with restoration of the normal rhythm.
Diuretics An agent that increases the amount of urine excreted.
Fowler’s position A recumbent position in which the head of the bed is elevated 45–60 degrees above level.
Paracardiocentesis The passage into a cavity of a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument for the purpose of removing fluid from the pericardial sac.
Phlebectomy Excision of a segment of a vein, sometimes performed to cure varicose veins
Phlebotomy Incision into a vein for the purpose of drawing blood.
Transfusion Transfer of blood or a blood component from one person (donor) to another (recipient).
Thrombolytic A drug with an action to break up or dissolving a thrombus
Vasoconstrictors A drug with an action to reduce the caliber of a blood vessel due to contraction of smooth muscle fibers in the tunica media leading to decreased blood flow to a part.
Vasodilator A drug with an action to increase in the caliber of a blood vessel due to relaxation of smooth muscle fibers in the tunica media. This increases blood flow but decreases systemic vascular resistance.
Created by: kbcanarr