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PBT 100 FINAL EXAM

WTCC PBT 100 FINAL EXAM REVIEW

QuestionAnswer
ANATOMY STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF THE BODY
PHYSIOLOGY FUNCTION COMPONENTS OF THE BODY
NORMAL ANATOMIC POSITION ERECT STANDING POSITION, ARMS AT REST, AND PALMS FORWARD
SUPINE LYING FACE UP ON BACK
PRONE LYING FACE DOWN ON STOMACH
LATERAL LYING ON THE LEFT OR RIGHT SIDE
FRONTAL PLANE DIVIDES BODY INTO FRONT AND BACK
TRANSVERSE PLANE DIVIDES BODY HORIZONTALLY INTO UPPER AND LOWER
SAGITTAL PLANE DIVIDES BODY VERTICALLY INTO R&L
BODY CAVITIES LARGE HOLLOW SPACES HOUSING ORGANS
DORSAL CAVITIES BACK OF BODY: CRANIAL & SPINAL
VENTRAL CAVITIES FRONT OF BODY: ABDOMINAL(ORGANS) & THORACIC(HEART & LUNGS)& PELVIC
HOMEOSTASIS STATE OF INTERNAL BALANCE
SYSTEM ORGANS WORKING TOGETHER
STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION ATOMS->MOLECULES->ORGANELLES->CELLS->TISSUE->ORGANS->ORGAN SYSTEMS->ORGANISM
SYNOVIAL FLUID JOINT FLUID
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID SPINAL CORD FLUID
PLEURAL FLUID FLUID AROUND LUNGS
PERITONEAL FLUID FLUID AROUND THE INTESTINES
AMNIOTIC FLUID FLUID AROUND THE FETUS
LONG BONES ARM & LEG BONES
SHORT BONES WRIST & ANKLES
FLAT BONES RIBS & SHOULDER BLADES
IRREGULAR BONES BACK BONES
RBC'S ERYTHROCYTES- CARRY OXYGEN TO TISSUE AND CO2 TO LUNGS
PLATLETS THROMBOCYTES- HELP BLOOD CLOT
WBC'S LEUKOCYTES-FIGHT INFECTIONS
2 TYPES OF WBC'S GRANULOCYTES & NON-GRANULOCYTES
GRANULOCYTES NEUTROPHILS- ENGULF FOREIGN PARTICLES EOSINOPHILS-ALLERGIC REACTIONS BASOPHILS-HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS
NON-GRANULOCYTES LYMPHOCYTES-MAKES ANTIBODIES FOR ATTACK MONOCYTES- CLEAN UP DEBRIS BY ENGULFING
WHERE ARE BLOOD CELLS MADE IN THE BODY? BONE MARROW
HEMOSTASIS PROCESS OF BODY STOPPING BLOOD LEAKAGE AFTER INJURY
STEPS OF HEMOSTASIS 1.VASOCONSTRICTION- DECREASES BLOOD FLOW 2.PLATELETS PLUG HOLE 3.COAG. FACTORS RELEASED,FIBRIN CLOT FORMS 4.LOT RETRACTS, BLEEDING STOPPED 5.CLOT DISSOLVED, VESSEL REPARIED
SERUM YELLOW LIQUID THAT REMAINS AFTER BLOOD HAS CLOTTED.
PLASMA YELLOW LIQUID PART OF UN-CLOTTED BLOOD
A GROUP HAS WHAT ANTIGENS AND WHAT ANTIBODIES? A ANTIGENS & ANTI-B ANTIBODIES
B GROUP HAS WHAT ANTIGENS AND WHAT ANTIBODIES? B ANTIGENS & ANTI-A ANTIBODIES
AB GROUP HAS WHAT ANTIGENS AND WHAT ANTIBODIES? A AND B ANTIGENS & NO ANTIBODIES
O GROUP HAS WHAT ANTIGENS AND WHAT ANTIBODIES? NO ANTIGENS & ANTI-A AND ANTI-B ANTIBODIES
A PATIENT WITH "A" TYPE BLOOD CAN RECIEVE WHAT TYPE OF BLOOD? A AND O
A PATIENT WITH "B" TYPE BLOOD CAN RECIEVE WHAT TYPE OF BLOOD? B AND O
A PATIENT WITH "AB" TYPE BLOOD CAN RECIEVE WHAT TYPE OF BLOOD? A B AB AND O
A PATIENT WITH "O" TYPE BLOOD CAN RECIEVE WHAT TYPE OF BLOOD? O ONLY
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM: INTEGUMENTARY SKIN-HAIR-SWEAT AND OIL GLANDS-TEETH-NAILS
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:MUSCULAR SKELETAL-VISCERAL-CARDIAC
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:SKELETAL BONE-CARTILIDGE
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:CIRCULATORY BLOOD-HEART-BLOOD VESSELS
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:LYMPHATIC LYMPH NODES-SPLEEN-BONE MARROW
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:URINARY KIDNEYS-URETERS-BLADDER-URETHRA
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:RESPIRATORY NOSE-PHARYNX-TRACHEA-BRONCHI-LUNGS
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:NERVOUS NEURONS-NERVES-BRAIN-SPINAL CORD-SENSORY ORGANS(EYES & EARS)
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:ENDOCRINE GLANDS:PITUITARY-THYROID-ADRENAL-PANCREAS-OVARIES-TESTES
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:DIGESTIVE MOUTH-ESOPHAGUS-STOMACH-INTESTINES-LIVER-GALL BLADDER-PANCREAS
LIST THE COMPONENTS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:REPRODUCTIVE TESTES-PENIS-PROSTATE OVARIES-UTERUS-VAGINA
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:REPRODUCTIVE SPERM PRODUCTION-SECRETION OF HORMONES OVULATION-REPRODUCTION-MILK PRODUCTION-MENSTRUATION-SECRETION OF HORMONES
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:DIGESTIVE BREAKDOWN OF FOOD-REMOVAL OF SOLID WASTE
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:ENDOCRINE PRODUCES AND RELEASES HORMONES-REGULATES BODY PROCESSES
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:NERVOUS COMMUNICATION THROUGHOUT BODY-DETECTS SENSATIONS-IMPULSES FOR MOVEMENT-INTELECTUAL PROCESSES
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:RESPIRATORY EXCHANGE OF GASES BETWEEN BLOOD AND AIR-TRANSPORT OF O2 AND CO2
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:URINARY PRODUCTION AND ELIMINATION OF LIQUID WASTE BY FILTERING BLOOD-MAINTAINS WATER AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:LYMPHATIC MAINTAIN TISSUE FLUID BALANCE-PROTECTION AGAINST INFECTION
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:CIRCULATORY TRANSPORTS MATERIALS-REGULATION OF BODY TEMPERATURE-HEMOSTASIS-AIDS IN BODY'S DEFENSES
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:SKELETAL SUPPORT-PROTECTION-MOVEMENT-HEMATOPOIESIS-CALCIUM/PHOSPHORUS STORAGE
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:MUSCLUAR MOVEMENT-PROTECTION-PRODUCES HEAT
LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS BODY SYSTEM:INTEGUMENTARY PROTECTION OF TISSUE-REGULATES BODY TEMPERATURE-ELIMINATION OF WASTE-PROTECTION AGAINST INFECTION
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:CIRCULATORY CBC-PLATELET COUNT-PT-PTT-ABO&RH
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:LYMPHATIC LYMPH NODE BIOPSIES
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:RESPIRATORY ABG'S-ELECTROLYTES-LUNG BIOPSY-PLEURAL FLUID-THROAT CULTURE-SPUTUM CULTURE-AFB
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:INTEGUMENTARY SKIN BIOPSY-WOUND CULTURES-SKIN,HAIR,NAILS FOR FUNGUS
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:SKELETAL CA+-PHOSPHORUS-ALP-SYNOVIAL FLUID-RA
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:MUSCLUAR MUSCLE ENZYMES:LD(LACTATE DEHYDOGENASE)-CK(CREATINE KINASE)-TROPONIN
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:NERVOUS CSF...CULTURE-GRAM STAIN-CELL COUNTS-GLUCOSE-PROTEIN
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:DIGESTIVE BILIRUBIN-AMALYSE-ALT,AST(LIVER ENZYMES)-PERITONEAL FLUID-STOOL FOR OCCULT BLOOD-STOOL FOR O&P
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:URINARY URINALYSIS-BUN(BLOOD UREA NITROGEN)-CREATININE-ELECTROLYTES-URINE CULTURE
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:REPRODUCTIVE SEMEN ANALYSIS-FSH(FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE)-LH(LUTENIZING HORMONE)-HCG(PREG. TEST)-PAP SMEAR-GC(GONORRHEA)-HERPES-CHLAMYDIA CULTURE-RPR(SYPHILIS)-PSA(PROSTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN)-AMNIOTIC HORMONE
LIST THE TESTS USED TO ASSESS THIS SYSTEM:ENDOCRINE T3,T4(THYROID HORMONES)-TSH(THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE)-GTT-CORTISOL-FSH-LH-
RESPIRATORY AND URINARY SYSTEMS ASSESS WHICH SAME TEST? ELECTROLYTES
REPRODUCTIVE AND ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS ASSESS WHICH SAME 2 TESTS? FSH AND LH
GIVE THE CORRECT FLOW OF BLOOD FROM THE HEART TO THE LUNGS AND BACK. LOW OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THESUPERIOR AND INFERIOR VENA CAVA-> RIGHT ATRIUM->RIGHT VENTRICLE->LEFT PULMONARY ARTERY->LEFT LUNG TO PICK UP OXYGEN->LEFT ATRIUM->LEFT VENTRICLE->AORTA->HEAD AND ARMS
WHAT ARE THE 3 ARTERIES IN THE BODY USED FOR VENIPUNCTURE? BRACHIAL-RADIAL-ULNAR
WHAT ARE THE VEINS IN THE ARMS USED FOR VENIPUNCTURE IN ORDER OF BEST USE? 1.MEDIAN CUBITAL 2. CEPHALIC 3. BASILIC
WHAT ARE THE VEINS IN THE LEGS USED FOR VENIPUNCTURE? FEMORAL-GREAT SAPHENOUS-DORSAL VENUS ARCH
DESCRIBE SKELETAL MUSCLE STRIATED-VOLUNTARY EXAMPLE:LEG AND ARM MUSCLE
DESCRIBE VISCERAL(SMOOTH) MUSCLE NON-STRIATED-INVOLUNTARY EXAMPLE:MUSCLE LINING VEINS
DESCRIBE CARDIAC MUSCLE STRIATED-INVOLUNTARY EXAMPLE:HEART MUSCLE
WHAT WOULD YOU USE TO CLEAN THE SKIN BEFORE VENIPUNCTURE? 70% ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL-IODINE FOR BLOOD CULTURES
SUITABLE PUNCTURE SITES FOR VENIPUNCTURE AND SKIN PUNCTURE MEDIAN CUBITAL-CEPHALIC RING FINGER-INDEX FINGER LEFT OR RIGHT SIDE OF HEEL ON INFANT
WHAT DO YOU DO IF YOU HAVE AN ORDER TO DRAW AND THE PT IS HAVING A BLOOD TRANSFUSION? WAIT 2 HRS
OTHER SITES USED WITH CARE FOR VENIPUNCTURE BASILIC VEIN YOU WILL NEED TO BE CAREFUL OF NERVES AND ARTERIES
HOW LONG CAN A TOURNIQUET BE LEFT ON? 1 MIN MAXIMUM
WHAT IS THE PROPER ANGLE OF NEEDLE INSERTION IN THE ARM WHEN PREFORMING VENIPUNCTURE? 15-30 DEGREES
WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF TIMES A PBT CAN STICK A PT? 2
WHAT ARE TWO EFFECTS OF EXCESSIVE MASSAGING OF THE FINGER DURING A SKIN PUNCTURE? 1.HEMOCONCENTRATION 2.CONTAMINATION OF SPECIMEN WITH TISSUE JUICE
WHY DO WE WARM THE SITE BEFORE SKIN PUNCTURE? TO INCREASE BLOOD FLOW UP TO 7X'S
WHAT IS THE ORDER OF DRAW FOR CAPILLARY BLOOD SAMPLES? ABG'S-EDTA-OTHER ADDITIVES-NON.ADDITIVES
THREE SITUATIONS THAT COULD RESULT IN A HEMATOMA NOT HOLDING PRESSURE-PARTIAL INSERTION OF NEEDLE INTO VEIN-BEVEL OF NEEDLE OUTSIDE OF VEIN
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL DISPOSITION ON BLOOD COLLECTION? ALL CAN AFFECT TEST RESULTS: BASAL STATE-DIET,FASTING OR NON FASTING-EXERCISE-STRESS-DIURNAL RHYTHMS-POSTURE-FIST PUMPING-
WHAT IS BASAL STATE? IT IS THE PT'S PHYSICAL CONDITION IN THE EARLY MORNING..12 HOURS AFTER LAST MEAL
WHAT IS LIPEMIA? EXCESS FATS IN THE BLOOD DUE TO EATING FATTY SUBSTANCES
FIVE TESTS ALTERED IF PT IS NOT IN THE BASAL STATE MUST BE FASTING,GLUCOSE-CHOLESTEROL-TRIGLYCERIDES ELECTROLYTES-PROTEINS
3 TESTS ALTERED IF PT HAS EXERCISED LACTID ACID-PROTEINS-ENZYMES
TESTS ALTERED BY STRESS CRYING:WBC IN INFANTS HYPERVENTILATION:ACID BASE BALANCE(ABG'S,ELECTROLYTES)
TESTS ALTERED BY POSTURE PROTEINS-ENZYMES
TEST ALTERED BY DIURNAL VARIATION CORTISOL
IF A PT FAINTS.. REMOVE NEEDLE IMMEDIATELY-LOWER PT HEAD, HAVE THEM BREATH DEEPLY-INCIDENT REPORT
IF A PT HAS PETECHIAE.. MAKE SURE BLEEDING HAS STOPPED BEFORE THE PT LEAVES OR YOU LEAVE THE PT
IF A PT HAS HAD A MASTECTOMY.. USE OTHER ARM
IF A PT HAS AN EDEMA.. DO NOT USE THIS SITE
IS A PT IS OBESE.. CONSIDER FINGERSTICK
IF A PT HAS AN IV.. USE OTHER ARM, IF NOT POSSIBLE DRAW BELOW IT AFTER HAVING NURSE TURN OFF THE IV FOR 2 MINS
IF A PT HAS DAMAGED, SCLEROSED, OR OCCLUDED VEINS... AVOID SITE
PURPOSE OF ARTERIAL/CAPILLARY BLOOD GASES TO DETERMINE PH-O2-CO2
ARTERIES USED FOR ABG'S AND THEIR LOCATIONS 1.RADIAL INSIDE OF WRIST, THUMB SIDE 2.BRACHIAL-ANTICUBITAL FOSSA 3.FEMORAL-GROIN
ALLENS TEST TEST TO DETERMINE PROPER BLOOD FLOW FROM THE ULNAR ARTERY IN THE WRIST TO THE HAND
HOW TO COLLECT AN ABG FROM RADIAL ARTERY 1.PREFORM ALLENS TEST-2.CLEAN SITE WITH BETADINE-3.INSERT NEEDLE AT 45 DEGREE ANGLE-4.USE HEPARINIZED SYRINGE-5.APPLY PRESSURE FOR 15 MINS-6.SEAL SYRINGE SO NO AIR GETS IN,MIX-7.LABEL-8.PUT ON ICE, TRANSPORT STAT-
HOW TO COLLECT AN ABG FROM A CAPILLARY STICK 1.WARM SITE-2.COLLECT IN SPECIAL HEPARINIZED CAPILLARY TUBES WITH METAL FLEA-3.DONT GET AIR IN-4.SEAL, MIX WITH MAGNET TO THE FLEA-5.LABEL, TRANSPORT STAT ON ICE
HOW TO DO A BLEEDING TIME TEST 1.BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF AT 40MM-2.CLEAN WITH ANTISEPTIC-3.MAKE INCISION WITH SURGICUTT 5CM DISTAL TO ANTICUBITAL CREASE-4.START STOPWATCH-5.WICK BLOOD AT 30 SEC INTERVALS-6.STOP TIMER WHEN NO MORE BLOOD WICKS-7.BUTTERFLY BANDAGE TO SEAL WOUND
4 SUBSTANCES THAT INTERFERE WITH THE BLEEDING TIME TEST ASPIRIN-STREPTOKINASE-ETHYL ALCOHOL-DEXTRAN
TYPES OF GLUCOSE TESTING GTT-FASTING GLUCOSE-2 HR PC SUGAR-TIMED GLUCOSE-STAT GLUCOSE-BEDSIDE(POC)GLUCOSE
GTT PROCEDURES PT SHOULD HAVE FOLLOWED INSTRUCTIONS PRIOR TO COMING IN FOR TEST-1.DRAW FASTING BLOOD SPECIMEN-2.WAIT FOR RESULTS-3.PT DRINKS GLUCOLA SOLUTION (75G OR 100ML FOR ADULT,1G FOR CHILD) WITHIN 5 MINS-4.DRAW SPECIMEN 30 MINS,1 HR,2 HR,AFTER GLUCOLA FINISHED-
GTT-PROBLEMS & PRECAUTIONS IF PT VOMITS..CHECK WITH DR.-PT COULD FAINT-PT CANNOT SMOKE,CHEW GUM OR HAVE COFFEE OR TEA BEFORE GTT-IF PBT CANT GET SPECIMEN..MISSED SPECIMEN LABELED UNABLE TO COLLECT AND THE NEXT SCHEDULED DRAW IS COLLECTED ON TIME.
USE AND PRECAUTIONS OF 1.VASCULAR ACCESS DEVICES AND 2.FISTULAS 1.USED TO ADMINISTER FLUIDS AND MEDS, MONITORING PRESSURE, AND DRAWING BLOOD-ONLY TRAINED PERSONNEL CAN DRAW FROM IT, CANT USE IT FOR COAG TESTS, MUST DISCARD 1ST TUBE 2.SURGICAL FUSION OF AN ARTERY&VEIN-DO NOT DRAW HERE
PURPOSE OF NEONATAL SCREENING TESTS-NAME 2 USE BLOOD SPOT COLLECTION TO CHECK FOR PRESENCE OF CERTAIN DISORDERS IN INFANTS-HYPOTHYROIDISM(HINDERS GROWTH&BRAIN DEVELOPMENT) & GALACTOSEMIA(LACK OF ENZYME THAT CONVERTS MILK SUGAR INTO GLUCOSE FOR ENEGRY)
TWO TRACE METAL TESTS, STOPPER COLOR, AND PRECAUTIONS LEAD-TAN TOP OR ROYAL BLUE ONLY ALUMINUM-ROYAL BLUE ONLY
THERAPEUTIC DRUG MONITORING(TDM) MONITORING DRUGS AT SPECIFIC INTERVALS-PEAK:HIGHEST SERUM CONCENTRATION OF THE DRUG-TROUGH:LOWEST SERUM CONCENTRATION OF THE DRUG
3 COMMON TDM'S ANTIBIOTICS-CARDIAC DRUGS-PSYCHIATRIC DRUGS
HOW DO YOU DISINFECT SKIN FOR A BLOOD ALCOHOL TEST? USE AN ANTISEPTIC THAT DOES NOT CONTAIN ALCOHOL
STAT MEANS.. DRAW AND TRANSPORT IMMEDIATELY
AREAS TO SWAB AND NOT TO SWAB WHEN COLLECTING A THROAT CULTURE DO SWAB:TONSILS AREAS THAT ARE RED&INFLAMED OR IN WHITE PATCHES DO NOT SWAB:CHEEKS,TEETH,TONGUE,OR LIPS
HOW SHOULD SEMEN BE HANDLED AND TRANSPORTED? IN A CONDOM WITHOUT SPERMICIDE, THEN PUT IN CUP, TRANSPORT STAT
HOW SHOULD SPUTUM BE HANDLED AND TRANSPORTED? PT COUGHS IT UP, THEN IT IS PUT INTO A STERILE CONTAINER WITH SECURE FITTING LID-TRANSPORT IMMEDIATELY
HOW SHOULD STOOL BE HANDLED AND TRANSPORTED? PT COLLECTS IN A STERILE CUP, OR IN A TRANSPORT MEDIA CONTAINING PRESERVATIVES IF NOT IN TRANSPORT MEDIA TRANSPORT ASAP
HOW SHOULD CSF,PLEURAL,SYNOVIAL,PERITONEAL,AMNIOTIC,AND PERICARDIAL FLUIDS BE HANDLED AND TRANSPORTED? IN STERILE CONTAINER, TRANSPORTED STAT
NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION DEFINITION AND THREE MOST COMMON .. INFECTION ACQUIRED WHILE IN THE HOSPITAL UTI-WOUND-RESPIRATORY
WHEN CAN YOU RETURN TO WORK IF YOU HAVE CHICKEN POX? 7 DAYS AFTER 1ST LESION APPEARED AND ALL ARE DRY
WHEN CAN YOU RETURN TO WORK IF YOU HAVE STREP THROAT? UNTIL SYMPTOM FREE AND 24 HRS AFTER TAKING ANTIBIOTICS
WHEN CAN YOU RETURN TO WORK IF YOU HAVE AN UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION? CONSULT DR
WHAT ARE THE SOURCES OF INFECTION IN THE HOSPITAL? PEOPLE-EQUIPMENT-LINENS-FOOD-BATHROOMS-TOYS IN NURSERY-
WAYS TO PREVENT INFECTION IN THE HOSPITAL ISOLATION-HAND WASHING-USING DISPOSABLES-LIMITING ACCESS OF SICK VISITORS/EMPLOYEES-USING DISINFECTANTS
#1 WAY TO PREVENT NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION IS TO.. WASH YOUR HANDS!
CONTACT ISOLATION- WHY AND WHAT PPE WOULD YOU WEAR? USED FOR DISEASES SPREAD THROUGH DIRECT& INDIRECT CONTACT. WEAR GOWN-GLOVES DOUBLE-BAG ALL ITEMS LEAVING BRING ONLY WHAT YOU NEED
DROPLET ISOLATION-WHY AND WHAT PPE WOULD YOU WEAR? USED FOR DISEASES SPREAD THROUGH THE AIR AT SHORT DISTANCES TO THE MUCUS MEMBRANES WEAR GOWN-GLOVES-MASK DOUBLE-BAG ALL ITEMS LEAVING BRING ONLY WHAT YOU NEED
AIRBORNE ISOLATION-WHY AND WHAT PPE WOULD YOU WEAR? USED FOR DISEASES SPREAD THROUGH THE AIR AROUND THE ROOM WEAR GLOVES-RESPIRATOR DOUBLE-BAG ALL ITEMS LEAVING BRING ONLY WHAT YOU NEED
STRICT ISOLATION-WHY AND WHAT PPE WOULD YOU WEAR? USED FOR DISEASES THAT ARE HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS WEAR GLOVES-GOWN-RESPIRATOR DOUBLE-BAG ALL ITEMS LEAVING BRING ONLY WHAT YOU NEED
ENTERIC ISOLATION-WHY AND WHAT PPE WOULD YOU WEAR? USED FOR DISEASES SPREAD BY THE FECAL-ORAL ROUTE WEAR GOWN-GLOVES DOUBLE-BAG ALL ITEMS LEAVING BRING ONLY WHAT YOU NEED
PROTECTIVE ISOLATION-WHY AND WHAT PPE WOULD YOU WEAR? USED TO PROTECT IMMUNOCOMPROMISED PT'S WASH HANDS BEFORE TOUCHING PT WEAR GLOVES-OTHER PPE IF LISTED ON DOOR TAKE ONLY STERILE OR CAREFULLY DECONTAMINATED ITEMS INSIDE PT ROOM
WHAT ARE THE STANDARD PRECAUTIONS USE PPE-DISPOSE SHARPS IN BIOHAZARD SHARPS CONTAINER-HANDWASHING-CONTAMINATED MATERIALS DISPOSED OF PROPERLY-DECONTAMINATE PROPERLY-BBP'S
WHAT ARE THE WAYS BBP ARE TRANSMITTED, NAME TWO DISEASES NEEDLE STICKS WITH CONTAMINATED NEEDLES-CUTS ON SKIN-BLOOD SPLASHES IN MUCUS MEMBRANES-CUTS BY GLASS OR SHARPS CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD 1.HIV 2.HEP B
AREAS OF HOSPITAL WHERE PT'S ARE MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO INFECTION NEONATAL NURSERY-ONCOLOGY-BURN UNIT-ICU-DIALYSIS UNIT
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS OF OSHA BBP STANDARDS UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS-PPE-ENGINEERING CONTROLS(SHARPS CONT)-WORK PRACTICE CONTROLS(HANDWASHING)-DISINFECTANTS-HBV VACC. OFFERED AT NO COST TO EMPLOYEE-TRAINING-BIOHAZARD LABELS-POST EXPOSURE FOLLOW-UP
FOUR CLASSES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS A-FOR PAPER B-FOR FLAMMABLE C-FOR ELECTRIC D-FOR METALS
IF SOMEONE IS BEINGS SHOCKED BY ELECTRICAL CURRENT, WHAT SHOULD YOU DO? SHUT OFF SOURCE-CALL 911-START CPR IF NEEDED-KEEP THEM WARM
MAJOR PROVISIONS OF THE OSHA HAZCOM STANDARD MSDS-PPE-CHEMICALS LABELED "RIGHT TO KNOW" LAW
DO YOU ADD WATER TO ACID OR ACID TO WATER ACID TO WATER
5 DOCUMENTS PBT'S USE REQUISITIONS-PROCEDURES-STICK LIST-INCIDENT REPORTS-TEMP LOGS
IMPORTANT INFO IN MANUAL: LAB POLICY EMPLOYEE RULES&REGULATIONS-DRESS CODE-HIRING-FIRING-LEAVE OF ABSENCE-WHO REPORTS TO WHO
IMPORTANT INFO IN MANUAL: LAB SERVICES SPECIMEN REQUIREMENTS-HOW TO COLLECT-HOW MUCH TO COLLECT-PHONE #'S & LAB DIRECTOR NAMES
IMPORTANT INFO IN MANUAL: LAB PROCEDURE PROCEDURES TO FOLLOW INCLUDING SAFETY
WHY ARE REQUISITIONS NEEDED? FOR AUTHORIZATION TO COLLECT THE SPECIMENS-
WHAT DO YOU DO IF YOU GET AN ORAL REQUEST FOR A TEST? COLLECT IT BUT RECORD WHO TOLD YOU TO DO IT AND TELL THEM YOU NEED A WRITTEN REQUEST ASAP
HOW DOES COMPUTER USE AND BAR CODES MINIMIZE SPECIMEN COLLECTION & PROCESSING ERRORS? PREVENT US FROM MAKING MISTAKES LIKE TRANSPOSING #'S-BARCODES CAN IDENTIFY PT'S AND CHECK SPECIMENS IN QUICKLY TO REDUCE THE TURN AROUND TIME
WHAT ARE ACCESSION #'S? UNIQUE #'S GIVEN TO A SPECIFIC SPECIMEN-CUTS DOWN ERRORS
BLOOD SPECIMENS SHOULD BE TRANSPORTED TO THE LAB WITHIN... 45 MINS
SST/PST & RED TUBES SHOULD BE CENTRIFUGED WITHIN.. 2 HOURS
4 TESTS THAT MUST BE CHILLED AFTER COLLECTION ARE.. GASTRIN-ABG'S-AMMONIA-LACTIC ACID
2 TEST THAT MUST BE PROTECTED FROM LIGHT ARE.. BILIRUBIN-CAROTENE
3 TESTS THAT MUST BE KEPT AT 37 C ARE.. COLD AGGLUTININS-CRYOGLOBULIN-CRYOFIBRINOGEN
WAYS SPECIMENS CAN BE TRANSPORTED TO THE LAB BY HAND-MAIL-PNEUMATIC TUBE SYSTEM-COURIER-COOLER
3 TESTS AFFECTED BY HEMOLYSIS LDH-POTASSIUM-CK
HOW DO YOU KNOW HOW MUCH LIQUID WILL COME FROM WHOLE BLOOD? TAKE THE AMOUNT OF SERUM OR PLASMA YOU NEED AND MULTIPLY IT BY 2.5
PURPOSE AND PROCESS OF CENTRIFUGATION TO SEPARATE SERUM OR PLASMA FROM CELLS SPECIMENS ARE SPUN AT HIGH RPM'S FOR A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF TIME
4 PRECAUTIONS FOR OPERATING THE CENTRIFUGE BALANCE SPECIMENS-ALL SPECIMENS SHOULD BE CAPPED-LOCK THE LID-SPIN FOR CORRECT TIME& AT CORRECT SPEED
5 REQUIREMENTS FOR A QUALITY SPECIMEN PT IDENTIFIED PROPERLY-PT PREPARED PROPERLY-SPECIMEN LABELED CORRECTLY-CORRECT TUBES DRAWN-SPECIMEN NOT HEMOLYZED
10 REASONS FOR SPECIMEN REJECTION HEMOLYZED-CLOTTED-WRONG AMOUNT IN TUBE-NOT LABELED CORRECTLY-TOO OLD-WRONG TUBE-DRAWN ABOVE IV-DRAWN AT WRONG TIME-PT NOT PREPARED PROPERLY-FAILED DELTA
WHAT IS QA? QUALITY ASSURANCE:ONGOING PROGRAM INVOLVING ALL HOSP. DEPT'S TO IMPROVE PT CARE
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF QA? IDENTIFY PROBLEMS & MONITOR & SOLVE
WHAT IS QC? QUALITY CONTROL:PROCEDURES THAT MAKE SURE THE LAB TESTING PROCESS IS GIVING QUALITY RESULTS
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF QC? CHECKING TEMPS
GIVE 3 EXAMPLES OF LOG SHEETS USED BY PBT'S INABILITY TO COLLECT-VOLUME OF BLOOD DRAWN FROM INFANTS
5 DOCUMENTS PBT'S USE REQUISITIONS-PROCEDURES-STICK LIST-INCIDENT REPORTS-TEMP LOGS
IMPORTANT INFO IN MANUAL: LAB POLICY EMPLOYEE RULES&REGULATIONS-DRESS CODE-HIRING-FIRING-LEAVE OF ABSENCE-WHO REPORTS TO WHO
IMPORTANT INFO IN MANUAL: LAB SERVICES SPECIMEN REQUIREMENTS-HOW TO COLLECT-HOW MUCH TO COLLECT-PHONE #'S & LAB DIRECTOR NAMES
IMPORTANT INFO IN MANUAL: LAB PROCEDURE PROCEDURES TO FOLLOW INCLUDING SAFETY
WHY ARE REQUISITIONS NEEDED? FOR AUTHORIZATION TO COLLECT THE SPECIMENS-
WHAT DO YOU DO IF YOU GET AN ORAL REQUEST FOR A TEST? COLLECT IT BUT RECORD WHO TOLD YOU TO DO IT AND TELL THEM YOU NEED A WRITTEN REQUEST ASAP
HOW DOES COMPUTER USE AND BAR CODES MINIMIZE SPECIMEN COLLECTION & PROCESSING ERRORS? PREVENT US FROM MAKING MISTAKES LIKE TRANSPOSING #'S-BARCODES CAN IDENTIFY PT'S AND CHECK SPECIMENS IN QUICKLY TO REDUCE THE TURN AROUND TIME
WHAT ARE ACCESSION #'S? UNIQUE #'S GIVEN TO A SPECIFIC SPECIMEN-CUTS DOWN ERRORS
BLOOD SPECIMENS SHOULD BE TRANSPORTED TO THE LAB WITHIN... 45 MINS
SST/PST & RED TUBES SHOULD BE CENTRIFUGED WITHIN.. 2 HOURS
4 TESTS THAT MUST BE CHILLED AFTER COLLECTION ARE.. GASTRIN-ABG'S-AMMONIA-LACTIC ACID
2 TEST THAT MUST BE PROTECTED FROM LIGHT ARE.. BILIRUBIN-CAROTENE
3 TESTS THAT MUST BE KEPT AT 37 C ARE.. COLD AGGLUTININS-CRYOGLOBULIN-CRYOFIBRINOGEN
WAYS SPECIMENS CAN BE TRANSPORTED TO THE LAB BY HAND-MAIL-PNEUMATIC TUBE SYSTEM-COURIER-COOLER
3 TESTS AFFECTED BY HEMOLYSIS LDH-POTASSIUM-CK
HOW DO YOU KNOW HOW MUCH LIQUID WILL COME FROM WHOLE BLOOD? TAKE THE AMOUNT OF SERUM OR PLASMA YOU NEED AND MULTIPLY IT BY 2.5
PURPOSE AND PROCESS OF CENTRIFUGATION TO SEPARATE SERUM OR PLASMA FROM CELLS SPECIMENS ARE SPUN AT HIGH RPM'S FOR A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF TIME
4 PRECAUTIONS FOR OPERATING THE CENTRIFUGE BALANCE SPECIMENS-ALL SPECIMENS SHOULD BE CAPPED-LOCK THE LID-SPIN FOR CORRECT TIME& AT CORRECT SPEED
5 REQUIREMENTS FOR A QUALITY SPECIMEN PT IDENTIFIED PROPERLY-PT PREPARED PROPERLY-SPECIMEN LABELED CORRECTLY-CORRECT TUBES DRAWN-SPECIMEN NOT HEMOLYZED
10 REASONS FOR SPECIMEN REJECTION HEMOLYZED-CLOTTED-WRONG AMOUNT IN TUBE-NOT LABELED CORRECTLY-TOO OLD-WRONG TUBE-DRAWN ABOVE IV-DRAWN AT WRONG TIME-PT NOT PREPARED PROPERLY-FAILED DELTA
WHAT IS QA? QUALITY ASSURANCE:ONGOING PROGRAM INVOLVING ALL HOSP. DEPT'S TO IMPROVE PT CARE
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF QA? IDENTIFY PROBLEMS & MONITOR & SOLVE
WHAT IS QC? QUALITY CONTROL:PROCEDURES THAT MAKE SURE THE LAB TESTING PROCESS IS GIVING QUALITY RESULTS
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF QC? CHECKING TEMPS
GIVE 3 EXAMPLES OF LOG SHEETS USED BY PBT'S INABILITY TO COLLECT-VOLUME OF BLOOD DRAWN FROM INFANTS-MAINTENANCE LOGS
4 BEDSIDE TESTS(POC) GLUCOSE-ELECTROLYTES-HEMOGLOBIN-BLOOD GASES
PURPOSE & 4 PRECAUTIONS FOR BEDSIDE GLUCOSE TESTING TO MONITOR GLUCOSE FOR DIABETICS-REGULATE MEDS 1.WIPE 1ST DROP-2.GET PROPER AMOUNT OF BLOOD-3.WIPE PROPERLY-4.TIME PROPERLY
REFERENCE RANGES ARE.. NORMAL VALUES FOR A TEST
CRITICAL RANGES ARE.. PANIC VALUES- PATIENT MAY BE IN DANGER-NEEDS IMMEDIATE ATTENTION, NOTIFY RN OR DR
REAGENTS ARE.. CHEMICALS USED TO PREFORM LAB TESTS
STANDARDS & CALIBRATORS ARE.. VERY PURE SUBSTANCE THAT GIVES A KNOWN VALUE TO ADJUST OUR DEVICES
CONTROLS ARE.. SUBSTANCES USED TO CHECK IF OUR DEVICE IS WORKING-USED DAILY
PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE IS.. USED TO CHECK OUR DEVICES PREFORMANCE
LIS STANDS FOR.. LABORATORY INFORMATION SYSTEM-STORES PT INFO
CLSI STANDS FOR.. CLINICAL LABORATORY STANDARDS INSTITUTE
JCAHO STANDS FOR.. JOINT COMMISSION ON ACCREDITATION OF HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATIONS
Created by: eyauger