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Chapter 5 Key terms

abuse Any care that results in physical harm or pain, or mental anguish
advance directives A legal document designed to indicate a person's wishes regarding care in case of a terminal illness or during the dying process
agent Someone who has the power or authority to act as the representative of another.
civil law Laws that focus on the legal relationships between people and the protection of a person's rights.
confidentiality Not to be shared or told; to be held in confidence, or kept to oneself
contract To shorten, decrease in size, or draw together; an agreement between two or more persons
criminal law Law that focuses on behavior known as crime; deals with the wrongs against a person, property, or society
defamation Slander or libel; a false statement that causes ridicule or damage to a reputation
Durable Power of Attorney A legal document that permits an individual (principal) to appoint another person to make any decisions regarding health care if the principal becomes unable to make the decisions.
ethics moral rights like common sense
expressed contracts a contract or an agreement that is stated in distinct and clear language, either orally or in writing
false imprisonment Restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom
health care records records contain information about the care provided to the patient
HIPAA These standards provide federal protection for privacy of health information in all states. (of 1996)
implied contracts A contract or agreement that creates obligations without verbally expressed terms
informed consent Permission granted voluntarily by a person who is of sound mind and aware of all factors involved
invasion of privacy Revealing personal information about an individual without his or her consent
legal Authorized or based on law
legal disability A condition in which a person does not have legal capacity and is therefore unable to enter into a legal agreement (for example, as is the case with a minor)
malpractice Providing improper or unprofessional treatment or care that results in injury to another person
patient's right Factors of care that all patients can expect to receive.
slander Spoken comment that causes a person ridicule or contempt or damages the person's reputation
tort A wrongful or illegal act of civil law not involving a contract
Designation of health care surrogate It is a document naming another person as your representative to make medical decisions for you if you are unable to make them yourself
assault & battery threat to attempt to injure) (Unlawful touching of another person without consent.
consumer bill of rights and responsibilities right to safety, the right to be informed,
defamation false statements that cause a person’s reputation
scope of practice The scope of practice describes the procedures, actions, and processes that a healthcare practitioner is permitted to undertake in keeping with the terms of their professional license
Residents of Bill of rights Every long-term care facility must inform residents or their guardians of these rights and a copy must be posted in each facility
Patient's Self Determination Act A federal law that mandates that every individual has the right to make decisions regarding medical care, including the right to refuse treatment and the right-to-die
OBRA Federal law that regulates the education and testing of nursing assistants
previlged rights All personal information given to health personnel by a patient; must be kept confidential