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WH- Unit 4 Review

Rise of Islam and Africa

TermDefinition
Allah Arabic word meaning God in Islam
Muhammad Founder of Islam
Islam Monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in the 7th century
Muslim Follower of Islam
Sahri'a Body of law governing the lives of Muslims
Five Pillars of Islam Basic religious duties that all Muslims must fulfill in order to worship God
Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca
Sunni Branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful succesors of Muhammad
Shi'a Branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful sucessors of Muhammed
Caliph Supreme political and religious leader in Muslim government
Islamic Caliphates Political-religious state comprimising the Muslim community and the lands and peoples under its dominion in the centuries following the death of the Prophet Muhammad.
Golden Age of Muslim Culture Period of great advances in culture and technology throughout the Muslim Empires were the ideas of the west and east were preserved and the ideas of Islam were expanded
Sahel African region along the southern border of the Sahara Desert
Animism Belief that spirits present in animals, plants, and other natural objects.
Migration Act of moving from one place to settling in another
Push-Pull Factors Conditiond that draw people to another location (pull) or cause people to leave their homelands and move to another region (push)
Bantu Migration Group who migrated from West Africa into Central and Southern Africa
Stateless Societies Cultural groups in which authority is shared by lineages of equal power instead of being exercised by a central government
Gold Salt Trade Trade route across sub-Saharan Africa in which ghold from the west was traded for salt in the east, leading to cultural diffusion between the African and Islamic Worlds
Mansa Musa Devout Muslim ruler of Mali, who created a strong central government, promoted Islam throughout his kingdom, and was known for his obscene displays of wealth and gold.
Created by: gibsonally