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Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Ac- towards accretion the process of growth or enlargement
Acro- pertaining to an extremety acromegaly abnormal growth of the hands, feet, and face, caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the pituitary gland
Ad- to, toward, near adduction is the movement of a body part toward the body's midline
Af- to, towards, near afferent conducting or conducted inward or toward something (for nerves, the central nervous system; for blood vessels, the organ supplied)
Ana- upward, backward, apart, again anaplastic term used to describe cancer cells that divide rapidly and have little or no resemblance to normal cells
Aniso- unequal, dissimilar anisocoria a condition characterized by an unequal size of the eyes' pupils
Ante- before antenatal before birth; during or relating to pregnancy; prenatal
Anti- against antibody a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen
Apo- away from, separate, derived from apophysis the normal bony outgrowths that arise from separate ossification centres and eventually fuse with the bone in time
Auto- self autolysis the destruction of cells or tissues by their own enzymes, especially those released by lysosomes
Auxi- increase auxilytic Increasing the destructive power of a lysin, or favoring lysis
Bi- two, both bilateral having two sides; pertaining to both sides
Bin- two each, double binocular pertaining to both eyes
Brachy- short brachygnathia abnormal shortness of the mandible
Brady- slow bradycardia slowness of the heartbeat, so that the pulse rate is less than 60 per minute
Cac- bad, abnormal, ill cachexia a profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition
Cata- down, against, wrong catabolic The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy.
Centi- hundred, hundredth centigrade (Units) a former name for Celsius
Chlor- green chloropsia a defect of vision in which objects appear to have a greenish tinge
Chrys- gold chrysoderma pigmentation of the skin due to gold deposit
Circum- around circumcision The surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis or prepuce
Cirrh- tawny, yellow-brown cirrhosis a chronic degenerative disease in which normal liver cells are damaged and are then replaced by scar tissue
Contra- against, opposite contraception (birth control) prevents pregnancy by interfering with the normal process of ovulation, fertilization, and implantation
Cryo- cold cryostat a freezing chamber
Crypt- hidden cryptorchism failure of one or both of the testes to descend into the scrotum
Cyan- blue cyanosis a physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
Cyt- pertaining to a cell cytogenesis the origin and development of the cell
De- down from, off, away from decompensation any failure of homeostatic mechanisms
Dextro- to the right dextrocardia location of the heart in the right side of the thorax, the apex pointing to the right
Dia- through, completely diarrhea Excessive and frequent evacuation of watery feces
Dis- difficult, painful, abnormal dysuria Painful or difficult urination
Ec-, Ect- outside, out from ectopic out of place; said of an organ not in its proper position, or of a pregnancy occurring elsewhere than in the cavity of the uterus
En- in encapsulation Enclosure in a capsule or sheath
Endo- within, inner endometrium the mucous membrane that lines the uterus
Epi- upon, on epigastric pertaining to the epigastrium, the area above the stomach
Eu- easy, good, normal euphoria A feeling of great happiness or well-being
Ex-, Exo- out, outside exocytosis a process by which material is exported from a biological cell
Extra- outside, in addition extradural on or outside the dura mater
Hemi- half hemiplegia Paralysis affecting only one side of the body
Hyper- above, beyond, excessive hypertension high blood pressure
Hypo- below, deficient hypoglycemia An abnormally low level of glucose in the blood
In- in, into incision a cut into a body tissue or organ, especially one made during surgery
Infra- below, beneath infraclavicular under the collar-bone
Inter- between interchondral between, or connecting, cartilages
Intra- within intravenous within a vein
A-, An- absence of, without aphasia; analgesic loss of ability to understand or express speech; (chiefly of a drug) acting to relieve pain
Ab- away from abduction the movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of the body, or from another part
Created by: makrieger