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GSE WS6 CH. 1 Test R

GSE WS6 CH. 1 Test Review

QuestionAnswer
What is relative location? Describing the location of a place in relation to another place
What is absolute location? Using latitude and longitude to find a location
What kind of relationship do humans and their environment have? Humans must adapt to their environment.
What is geography? The study of physical features and how humans interact with them
What is history? The story of the past that shapes our world today
Which of the following BEST describes the difference between relative and absolute location? Relative location describes where a place is compared to others, while absolute location uses latitude and longitude.
Which of the following BEST describes the difference between latitude and longitude? Latitude measures distance from the Equator, while longitude measures distance from the Prime Meridian.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of human geography? Mountain height
Which of the following would be considered a physical geography characteristic of Russia? Volga River length
Read the information below to answer the question. Michael is a farmer in France. He grows many different types of vegetables. Michael has an expensive irrigation system to help water his crops. Michael, however, would like to expand his farm into the neighboring forest land. _______ How will Michael’s decision to expand his farm impact the environment? Michael’s decision will hurt the environment by decreasing the amount of forest land available.
The History of Pizza Flat breads were part of Italian culture thousands of years ago! It took a while for people to realize that eating tomatoes was not fatal and putting tomatoes on flat breads was a good idea. It wasn’t until 1889, however, that the first pizza with tomatoes and cheese was invented! The first pizzeria in America was opened by an Italian immigrant in 1905 in New York City. _______ Which of the following statements is the BEST example from the text of how people and ideas travel? The opening of a pizzeria in New York City
What is political science? The study of different types of government
What is civic life? How citizens’ actions impact the community
Which of the following BEST describes the difference between personal life and civic life? The decisions made in a citizen’s personal life do not impact the community.
What is government? The people and institutions that have the authority to make and enforce laws
Which of the following is the BEST example of how government and civic life are related? Citizens elect members to Congress.
What is economics? The study of how decisions about distribution of resources are made
Which of the following is an example of scarcity? Jill waits in line for three hours to get the newest smartphone only to find out that they sold out before she reached the register.
What is trade? The voluntary exchange of goods and services among people and countries
Which of the following BEST explains why specialization is important for trade? Countries focus on what they do best and trade for what they need.
What does domestic mean? Within a country
Constructed Response: Answer the following using complete sentences: Why is it important to study the past? Student Response requirements: Students should explain that it is important to study the past so that we can learn from it and do not repeat the mistakes of the past.
Constructed Response: Answer the following using complete sentences: Compare and contrast physical and human geography. Give three examples of each. Student Response requirements: Students should explain that human and physical geography are the same because they are both looking at characteristics of the earth. Human geography focuses on the people that live on earth, like their language, religion, and where they live. Physical geography looks at the physical features of the world, like mountains, rivers, and lakes.
Constructed Response: Answer the following using complete sentences: How are trade and specialization related? Student Response requirements: Students should explain that specialization is important to trade because no country in the world is able to easily and quickly produce everything they need. Specialization allows countries to produce what they can make easily and trade for what they need but cannot easily produce.
Constructed Response: Answer the following using complete sentences: What are the steps to good decision-making? Student Response requirements: Students should explain that the first step of decision-making is to figure out what the issue is. Next, you have to determine the possible options, as well as value and possible consequences for each option. Then you make your decision based on the information you gathered.
Created by: jpkelley