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Unit 2 Chapter 2 Population
|The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
|The total number of people divided by the total land area
|A complete enumeration of a population
|Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
|The number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in a society
|Crude Death Rate (CDR)
|The number of deaths in a year per 1,000 people alive in a society
|The process of change in a society's population as a combination of medical advances and economic development, affecting a population's desire and ability to control its own birth and death rates
|The scientific study of population characteristics
|The number of people under 15 and over 64 compared to the number of people in the workforce
|The number of years it takes for an area's population to double
|The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
|The a distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition. Explains how countries' population change.
|The branch of medical science that is concerned with identifying, fighting, and preventing disease.
|The practice of controlling the number and frequency of children conceived usually through the use of contraception or voluntary sterilization.
|A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods and drastically altered society
|Infant Mortality Rate
|The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year old per 1000 live births in a society
|The average number of years an individual can be expected to live given current social, medical, and economic conditions.
|Medical technology from Europe and North America that was used to eliminate many diseases in the developing world
|Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
|The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate (NIR=CBR-CDR)
|One Child Policy
|Chinese policy used to control population growth which began in the 1980's and restricted families to having only one child.
|A situation in which the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
|Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
|The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
|Structure of population in terms of age, sex and other properties such as marital status and education
|A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land
|Description of locations on Earth's surface where populations live
|A bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age and sex
|The ratio of men to women
|Standard of living
|Goods and services and their distribution within a population
|Any process that eliminates a person's ability to produce children
|(1766-1834) An English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in food production, which would lead to widespread famine and disease.
|Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
|The average number of children a woman will have during her childbearing years.
|Zero population growth (ZPG)
|A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.