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Chapter 6 , 188-190

SUFFIXES

TermDefinition
-ectasis, -ectasia dilation, (dilatation), widening cholangiectasis: Cholangi/o means bile duct (vessel). This condition is secondary to bile duct obstruction.
-emesis vomiting hematemesis: Bright red blood is vomited, often associated with esophageal varices or peptic ulcer.
-pepsia digestion dyspepsia
-phagia eating, swallowing polyphagia: Excessive appetite and uncontrolled eating. dysphagia
-plasty surgical repair abdominoplasty: This is commonly referred to as a “tummy tuck.” Other surgical repairs are rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty.
-ptysis spitting hemoptysis: From the respiratory tract and lungs
-rrhage, -rrhagia bursting forth (of blood) hemorrhage: Loss of a large amount of blood in a short period.
-rrhaphy suture herniorrhaphy Repair (as in stitching or suturing) of a hernia. Hernioplasty is a synonym. Tenorrhaphy (ten = tendon) is another common use of this suffix.
-rrhea flow, discharge diarrhea: The embedded root rrh means flow or discharge.
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles pylorospasm bronchospasm: A chief characteristic of bronchitis and asthma.
-stasis stopping, controlling cholestasis: Flow of bile from the liver to the duodenum is interrupted.
-stenosis narrowing, tightening pyloric stenosis: This is a congenital defect in newborns blocking the flow of food into the small intestine.
-tresia opening atresia: Absence of a normal opening. esophageal atresia: A congenital anomaly in which the esophagus does not connect with the stomach. A tracheoesophageal fistula often accompanies this abnormality.
Created by: MissMeeMee