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THE ENLIGHTENMENT

HISTORY TERMS

TermDefinition
ABSOLUTISM The power of the monarch was unlimited except by divine law or by what was called ‘natural law’
OLD REGIMEN Political and social system of France prior to the French Revolution. Social institutions, divided into three orders: clergy, nobility, and others (the Third Estate)
ENLIGHTENMENT An intellectual movement during the 18th century in Europe.
NATURAL RIGHTS Rights that people have under natural law. The Declaration of Independence of the United States lists life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as natural rights.
ENLIGHTENMENT DESPOTISM A form of government in the 18th century in which absolute monarchs pursued legal, social, and educational reforms inspired by the Enlightenment
COLONIALISM A political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world.
PHYSIOCRACY The wealth of a nation is based on the land (agriculture and minig).
ECONOMIC LIBERALISM The individual work which aims to obtain to maximum personal benefit, is the true source of wealth.
COTTAGE INDUSTRIES A business or manufacturing activity carried on in people's homes.
MANUFACTURING Any industry that makes products from raw materials by the use of manual labour or machinery.
TRIENNIAL ROTATION The practice of growing different crops in succession on the same land chiefly to preserve the productive capacity of the soil.
STRATIFIED SOCIETY Is a kind the difference between social differentiation]] whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata
BOURGEOISIE The social order that is dominated by the so-called middle class.
Created by: nmp