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Chinese Dynasty

Xia 2200 – 1766BCE) Chinese oral tradition describes Yu the Great, who organized the people to build canals that stopped flooding and created great prosperity.
Shang 1766 – c.1040BCE the Shang created a lunar calendar consisting of twelve months of 30 days each. The Shang were distinguished by an aristocratic government, great artistry in bronze, an agricultural economy, and armies of thousands whose commanders rode in chariots
Zhou 1040 – 256BCE The nomadic Zhou people from northwestern China overthrew the Shang kings. The Zhou developed a feudal society in China, but slowly lost power to local warlords.
The Age of Warring States c.481- 221BCE Many regional states formed as the Zhou Dynasty the Mandate of Heaven. This is why the Zhou Dynasty overlaps the Age of Warring States for more than two centuries.
Qin 221-206BCE Weights and measures and the Chinese writing system were unified under the Qin. Chinese defenses against nomadic warriors were strengthened by creating the Great Wall.
Han 206BCE – 220CE During the Han Dynasty, the Chinese invented paper, recorded the history of their land, and first learned of Buddhism. The Han is often compared to the Roman Empire of the same age. Today the Chinese word for Chinese person means “a man of Han.”
Sui 581-618 The short-lived Sui dynasty reunified China after four hundred years of fragmentation. During Sui rule, a Grand Canal links northern and southern China.
Tang 618-907) Considered the “Golden Age of China,” the Tang Dynasty made China the largest, wealthiest, and the most populous nation of their time. Tang rulers based their laws on based on Confucian thought.
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 907-960) Several rival states vied for control of China during a brief period of disunity
Song 907-1279 The Song Dynasty reunified China and ruled for 300 years. Paper money was introduced during the Song dynasty.
Yuan (The Mongols) 1279-1368 Kublai Khan established the Yuan Dynasty after his Mongol tribes defeated China. The Yuan encouraged Europeans to travel overland to China; Marco Polo was the most famous of the early Europeans to make the journey
Ming 1368-1644  As famine and plague swept China, the Mandate of Heaven passed to Zhu Yuanzhang, who led a peasant army to victory over the Mongols. The Ming were known for orderly government and control over Chinese peasants.
Qing (Manchus) 1644-1911 Founded by conquerors from Manchuria in 1644, the Qing was the last imperial dynasty of China. Decades of upheaval led to the fall of the Qing.
The Republic of China  1912-1949 A series of weak governments followed the fall of the Qing. In 1931, Japan seized Manchuria in northeast China and formed the puppet state of Manchukuo.
The People’s Republic of China  1949-present) A Communist revolution led by Mao Zedong captured control of China in 1949. The communists continued to rule long after Mao’s death in 1976
Created by: EricaJ13