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TermDefinition
republic a political system in which the citizens of a region elect representatives to run the government
patricians a class of powerful landowners in ancient Rome who controlled the government and society
plebeians farmer and workers who made up the large part of population of ancient Rome
veto ban
forum the assemble place of an ancient Roman city
constituition a political structure
senate a body of legislators
conculs the chief executives elected to run the government in ancient Rome
dictator a political leader holding unlimited power
Gracchi Tiberius Sempornius Gracchus and his brother Gaius Sempornius Gracchus ;Roman statesman;they help ex-soldiers in Rome by redistributing public land to small farmers.The roman elite reacted violently to these actions and led mobs that killed the brothers
Gaius Marius Him and his brother tried to help ex-soldiers in Rome by redistributing public land to small farmers.The Roman Elite killed them when they found out what they were doing.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Roman general and politician;he became consul; in 88 BC,led a civil war against Marius and his followers,emerged victorious, and became dictator
Julius Caesar Roman general and one of the greatest military leaders in history;he conquered most of Gaul and was named dictator for life in Rome.He was later murdered by a group of senators who opposed his enlarged powers.
triumvirate a ruling body of three members
Augustus First Emperor of Rome;he established the second Triumvirate with Mark Anthony and Lepidus.He created the imperial system of administration, established new coinages,and encouraged trade
Pax Romana a period of peace in Roman Empire lasting form the beginning of AugustusĀ“s reign until the death of Marcus Aurelius
villa a home in the country
circuses the site of chariot races in ancient Rome
paterfamilias the family father
augurs priests in ancient Rome who specialized in interpretation of natural phenomenons sent by the gods
Galen Greek physician;He wrote several volumes that summarized all the medical knowledge of his day
Ptolemy One of Alexander the greats generals he founded a dynasty that ruled Egypt for nearly 300 years
aqueducts man made channels used to transport water;ancient Romans built impressive aqueduct
latin the language of ancient Rome
civil law a form of law based on written codes of law
Christianity a religion based on the teaching of Jesus of Nazareth
Messiah in Judaism, a savior sent by god
Jesus of Nazareth First-century Jewish teacher and prophet,he founded Christianity and taught about kindness and love of god.His teaching spread through the Roman empires and eventually the rest of the world
disciples followers of Jesus
Apostles the 12 chosen disciples of Jesus;they were the fist christian missionaries
martyrs people put to death because of their beliefs
Paul Apostle to the gentiles ;he worked to spread Jesus teachings and wrote letter that explained key ideas of Christianity
Eucharist a ceremony of some christian denominations that commemorates JesusĀ“ last supper with his disciples
bishop a high ranking church official who who oversees a group of churches in a particular region or city
popes the title given to the heads of the Roman Catholic church
inflation increased prices for good and services combined with the reduced value of money
Diocletian Roman emperor from 284-306;he divided the Roman empire into eastern and western halves
Attila King of the Huns from 434-453;he invaded parts of the Roman empire,devastating the Balkan countries and northern Greece when promised tribute was not paid.Plaque and famine helped forestall his invasion of Italy
Created by: patriciacruz