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W. History - Topic 3

Topic 3 vocabulary

TermDefinition
subcontinent large landmass that juts out from a continent
plateau raised area of land
monsoon seasonal wind that regularly blows from a certain direction for part of the year
veneration special regard
acculturation the blending of two or more cultures
rajah in ancient India, the elected warrior chief of an Aryan tribe
Vedas a collection of prayers, hymns, and other religious teachings
brahman in the belief system established in Aryan India, the single spiritual power that resides in all things
mystic person who devotes his or her life to seeking direct communication with divine forces
atman in Hindu belief, a person's essential self
moksha in Hindu belief, the ultimate goal of existence, which is to achieve union with brahman
reincarnation in Hindu belief, the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
karma in Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person’s fate in the next life
dharma in Hindu belief, a person’s religious and moral duties
ahimsa Hindu belief in nonviolence and reverence for all life
caste in traditional Indian society, an unchangeable social group into which a person is born
nirvana in Buddhist belief, union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth
sect a subgroup of a major religious group
dissent ideas that oppose those of the government
missionaries people sent to do religious work in a territory or foreign country
golden age period of great cultural achievement
decimal system system of numbers based on 10
joint family family organization in which several generations share a common dwelling
dowry in some societies, payment a bride’s family makes to the bridegroom and his family; payment a woman brings to a marriage
clan group of families with a common ancestor
dynastic cycle rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven
feudalism loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord
philosophy system of ideas
filial piety respect for parents
oracle bone in Shang China, animal bone or turtle shell used by priests to predict the future
characters written symbols in writing systems such as that of the Chinese
calligraphy the art of producing beautiful handwriting
monopoly complete control of a product or business by one person or a group
expansionism policy of increasing the amount of territory a government holds
civil servants government officials
acupuncture medical treatment, originated in ancient China, in which needles are inserted into the skin at specific points to relieve pain or treat various illnesses
warlord local military ruler
Created by: brittlloyd