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Infection Control RD

autoclave A device using steam for sterilization
antigen A pathogen or any other substance that induces an antibody response
antibody A protein specific to a certain antigen that weakens or destroys pathogens
nosocomial infection A hospital related infection; one that is not present or incubating when a patient is admitted to a hospital or a healthcare facility
system infection An infection that has spread to more than one region of the body
sharp Any instrument with a sharp edge or point, such as a scalpel, scissors, or a needle
topical Applied to the skin or affected area
anaerobic bacteria Bacteria that do not require oxygen to grow
aerobic bacteria Bacteria that require oxygen to grow
teratogenic Causing abnormalities in the fetus
antiseptic A cleansing agent applied to living tissue to destroy pathogens
latent infection One in which the symptoms disappear and recur, while the disease causing agent remains in the body
sterile Completely free of pathogens
sterilant A substance that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life in an inanimate environment
disinfectant A chemical substance that destroys or eliminates specific species of infectious microorganisms. It is usually not effective against bacterial spores
infection A disease process that results from the entry and spread of a microorganism (to initiate infection the microorganism must be a pathogen-microorganism that causes disease)
contagious disease A disease that is spread from person to person
immunity An individual's ability to fight off disease
active infection An infection in which signs and symptoms are present
otitis media Infection of the middle ear
acute infection An infection that is time limited
quarantine Isolating or separating a client, client-care unit, or facility
bactericidal Killing microorganisms
local infection An infection that is confined to a specific region of the body
sanitization Removal of gross contaminants and some microorganisms from instruments, skin, and so on; the lowest level of medical hygiene
sterile techinique Methods to avoid contamination of sterile materials
pathogen A microorganism that causes disease
disinfection A more thorough removal of contaminants than sanitization but less thorough than sterilization
nonpathogenic Not causing disease
opportunistic infection An infection that does not ordinarily cause disease but does so under certain circumstances, for example, in compromised immune systems; so called because it takes stage of an opportunity
microorganism An organism so small that it can only be seen under a microscope
remission A period in which a chronic infection shows no symptoms
exacerbation A period in which a chronic infection shows symptoms
chronic infection One that is persistent over a long period of time, perhaps life
sanitizer A substance that significantly reduces the bacterial population in an inanimate environment but does not destroy all bacteria or other microorganisms
bacteriostatic Reducing or inhibiting the number of microorganisims
relapse The re-emergence of an initial infection after it appears to have subsided but has not been cured
recurrent infection A distinct episode of an infection after recovery from the initial infection; may involve the same pathogens or different ones
immunoglobulin A serum that contains antibodies that can help protect an exposed person from contracting the disease
asepsis A state in which pathogens are absent or reduced. There are two principal types of asepsis; medical (reduced) and surgical (absent)
sterilization The process of destroying all microorganisms, including bacterial endospores and viruses. This is the highest level of cleanliness
virulence The power of a microbe to produce a disease in a particular host
contamination The presence of pathogens on an object
PEP Treatment after exposure to a pathogen
asymptomatic Without clinical signs or symptoms
Created by: Jessica Longboat
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