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WH1 Vocab #5 Greece

TermDefinition
Herodotus father of history
Thucydides father of scientific history
Phidias Most famous Greek sculptor
Pythagoras Creates the theorem to calculate the relationship between the right sides of a triangle
Aeschylus Greek playwright, author of Prometheus Bound
Sophocles Greek playwright, author of Oedipus Rex
Hippocrates Father of medicine, created Hippocratic oath
Phillip II King of Macedonia who conquered Greece
Peloponnesian War Conflict in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
Macedonia Kingdom located north of Greece that conquers all of the Greek city-states
Alexander the Great Philip II’s son who established a huge empire
Euclid Greek mathematician, & pioneer in geometry
Archimedes Greek scientist, inventor, and mathematician
Colossus of Rhodes Huge bronze statue created on the island of Rhodes
Doric Most simple Greek column, squared at the top
Ionic Style of Greek column, topped with circular scrolls
Corinthian Style of Greek column, most elaborate, with scrolls & leaves
Darius III Last Persian king, finally defeated by Alexandria the Great
Hellenistic Relating to the culture that blended Greek with Egyptian, Persian & Indian influences
Alexandria Egyptian city that was the center of Hellenistic culture
Created by: csdavis