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WH- Unit 3 Review

Western Classical (Greece and Rome) Review sheet (500 BCE to 600 CE)

Epics A long narrative poem celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes
Polis a Greek city-state which served as the fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece
Oligarchy a government in which power is in the hands of a few people, often when who rules is often based on wealth
Democracy a government controlled by its citizen either directly or through representatives
Direct Democracy a government in which citizens rule DIRECTly rather than through representatives
Philosophers a thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality
Hellenistic relating to the civilization, language, art, science, and literature of the Greek worlds from the reign of Alexander the Great to the 2nd century
Republic form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders who are elected by the citizens who have the right to vote
Consuls in the Roman republic, one of two powerful individuals elected each year to command the army and direct the government
Dictator Ancient Roman political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
Senate the supreme governing body in ancient Rome, usually made up of aristocrats (land holding nobles)
Legions military unit of the Roman army, made up of around 5,000 foot soldiers and cavalry
Twelve Tables Roman law codes that publically stated that citizens were equal under the law and innocent until proven guilty
Rule of Law idea that government officials and citizens alike are not above the law, nor can they act outside of the law
Triumvirate in ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government
Pax Romana a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D.
Christianity Religion built on the teachings of Jesus who preached forgiveness, mercy, and sympathy for the poor. They believe that Jesus is the son of God who sacrificed himself to save mankind
Inflation a decline in the value of money, accomanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
Greco-Roman Culture an ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman Culture
Aqueducts arched pipeline built to carry water to populate areas, and the apex of Roman engineering & architecture
Created by: gibsonally