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archaeology

definitions

TermDefinition
historian a person who studies the past.
history the study of the past
historic period when people used writing
prehistoric period the time before writing was used
primary source evidence that comes directly from the time of the event
secondary source evidence that comes from after the time of the event
autobiography an account of a person's life written by the actual person
biography the story of a person's life written by another person
archive a place where written documents are stored
museum a place where artefacts are stored
eyewitness a person who witnesses an event themselves
cross checking looking at many different sources and comparing findings
bias favouring one side over another
objectivity when a source contains facts and not opinions it is objective
propaganda making one side look good and another bad- often used in wars or political campaigns
century period of 100 years
milennium period of 1000 years
BC Before Christ
AD Anno Domini(the year of our lord)
artefacts objects made by humans
archaeology the study of what has been left behind by humans
grave goods objects buried with bodies to take to the afterlife
research archaeology archaeology carried out to find out more about a known historical site
rescue archaeology archaeology carried out before construction work to ensure no objects from the past are lost
salvage archaeology objects are found by accident and then archaeologists are called in to investigate
geophysical survey a machine like an x ray is used to look at the soil underneath the surface
aerial photographs photos taken from the air to reveal features missed on the ground
stratigraphy method of dating:the deeper an object is found the older it is
dendrochronology: tree ring dating
Carbon 14 dating dating method that assesses the amount of radioactive carbon left in an object to decide how old it is
Created by: eimir reynolds