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BB Ch 2 Vocab

Absolute Location The exact spot where something is on the Earth
Accessibility The ease of interaction between two points
Built Environment Things people build on the landscape
Cartography Mapmaking
Choropleth maps Maps that utilizing colors and shading
Climate The temperature and environment of a region
Concentration How something is distributed over a given area
Contagious Diffusion Rapid spread of something from person to person. Begins at a central point
Cultural Landscape Result of human's interactions with the environment
Culture Traditions, beliefs, and customs of people in a given region
Density The amount of something in a given area
Diffusion Something spreads
Distance How far or close something is
Distance Decay When something gets further away from its point of origin, it gets weaker
Distribution How something is spread out
Dot maps Maps that utilize dots to show a pattern
Environmental Determinism Belief that the environment shapes human behavior
Equator Imaginary line running east/west through the center of the Earth
Expansion Diffusion form of diffusion where something spreads outward without migration
Field Observation Going out to a place to study its people or environmental characteristics
Formal Region A region that shares a characteristic, noted by boundaries and borders
Functional Region Region that is united by a central point (node). The node projects something outward toward fuzzy boundaries
Ghost town Settlement that has been abandoned
GIS Computer that stores geographic data and produces maps
GPS Satellite system that determines absolute location of places
Globalization The spread of something worldwide
Graduated Symbol Maps Map that uses symbols of different sizes to interpret data
Greenwich Mean Time 0 degrees longitude. The prime meridian determines this time zone
Hearth The place that something begins
Hierarchical Diffusion Something spreads from an important city or person "top-down" to the rest of the population
Isoline Maps Maps that use lines to show elevation
Latitude Measurement of distance north or south of the equator
Location Where something is on the planet
Longitude Measurement east or west of the prime meridian
Map Flat model of Earth's surface
Map scale The size of a portion of a map vs the size of that portion on the planet
Mental map A map created in your mind
Meridian Imaginary line on the earth going from north to south
Parallel Imaginary line on the earth going from east to west
Pattern How something is arranged
Physical Geography Studies natural phenomena (volcanoes, rivers, etc.)
Physical Map Maps that show natural features (rivers, mountains, etc.)
Place Spot on earth marked by certain characteristics
Political Maps Maps that show boundaries and borders of countries and states
Possibilism Belief that culture shapes human behavior
Prime Meridian 0 degrees longitude
Projection 2D model of the 3D globe
Proximity How close two things are to each other
Region A set of places that share a common characteristic
Relative Location Where something is in relation to something else
Relocation Diffusion Something spreads due to migration
Remote Sensing Obtaining data about the planet through instruments not directly touching the objects being analyzed
Site Physical description of a place (similar to absolute location)
Situation Where something is relative to something else (similar to relative location)
Space-time Compression Shortening of travel time between places due to technological advances
Stimulus Diffusion An idea begins to spread, but is changed and spreads even more widely
Toponym Name of a place
Transnational Corporation A business that operates in several countries
Vernacular Region A region based on perceptions or thoughts. People may disagree on them
Created by: trisjohnson
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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