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WH1 Vocab #4

Persia, A Little Bit of China, and Greece Intro

Cyrus the Great Persian king who created a huge empire
Darius Persian king who built the royal road unifying the empire
Royal Road Road that helped to unify the Persian empire
Zoroaster Persian prophet & religious reformer
Confucius China’s most influential scholar
Filial Piety Children’s respect for their parents & elders
Bureaucracy Organization of government into agencies and departments
Daoism Philosophy of Laozi (Lao Tsu) that puts people in touch with the forces of nature
Qin Dynasty Dynasty that unified China
Qin Shi Huangdi First emperor or China, leader of the Qin Dynasty
Homer Greek poet who composed the Iliad and the Odyssey
Epic Heroic story told in the form of a long poem
Polis City-state of ancient Greece
Oligarchy Government ruled by a few powerful people
Tyrant Powerful ruler who gained control of a city-state’s government by asking the common people for support
Democracy Rule by the people
Persian Wars Conflict between Greece and the Persian Empire
Peloponnesian Wars Conflict in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
Philosopher Thinker who uses logic and reason to explore life’s important questions
Socrates Greek thinker who explored truth & justice, and developed a method of questioning and answering
Plato Socrates’ student who wrote The Republic, a view of the ideal society
Aristotle Plato’s student who developed a method for testing and organizing ideas
Tragedy Serious drama dealing with such themes as love, hate, war or betrayal
Comedy Light and amusing play that may poke fun at serious subjects
Direct Democracy Form of government in which citizens rule directly
Created by: csdavis