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History 9-Reese M

Module 14-The Renaissance

1. Which cause do you think was the most important? 1. Economic Revival- trade and a rising merchant class (crusades) - expansion of commerce in city states in the 11th and 12th centuries 2. Geography - The italian peninsula formed a natural point of exchange between east and west
2. What is the Renaissance period about? The period of rebirth of art and learning in Europe lasting from about 1300 to 1600.
3. What is the main idea of humanism? The focus on human potential and achievements.
4. What does secular mean? Someone who is concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters.
5. What is a patron person? A person who financially supported artists.
6. What are some the characteristics of the “ Renaissance man” and “Renaissance woman”? The Renaissance Man is charming, funny and well educated. He can dance, sing, play music, write poetry, wrestle, ride horses and is good with a sword. The Renaissance Woman is educated and charming. She has no say in politics.
7. What was the attitude of Church leaders and the wealthy toward the arts? They beautified Rome and other cities by spending huge amounts on the arts. They became patrons by financially supporting artists. Wealthy families were also patrons of the arts. They had their portraits painted in public squares.
8. How did study of the classics influence branches of learning such as history,literature, and philosophy? It improved the information that was known about. It helped to improve different branches.
9. What were the differences between medieval and Renaissance attitudes toward worldly pleasures? In the Middle Ages, people demonstrated loyalty to God by wearing rough clothing and eating plain foods. During the Renaissance, humanists suggested that people could enjoy life without offending God.
10. How was Medieval and Renaissance art similar and different? Medieval- Tried to convey spiritual ideals, Christianity, and everything connected to the Church. Renaissance- imitated nature, followed classical models, realistic, Greek and Roman subjects, portraits of prominent citizens Both- Religious subjects
11. What does perspective mean in art? Perspective is art technique that re-creates three dimensions.
12. Who was Leonardo Da Vinci? Leonardo Da Vinci was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist.
13. Who was Michelangelo? Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, architect, painter, and poet.
14. How is the humanism of the Renaissance reflected in its art? Renaissance art celebrates the human body and individual achievement.
15. How is Machiavelli’s political advice different from the traditional view? Machiavelli suggest an individualist, pragmatic approach, focusing on the goal of remaining in power. The traditional view recommended an idealistic and compassionate approach to ruling.
16. What possible causes of the plague does he suggest? It was caused by the stars and planets or it was a punishment from God for the sins of mankind.
17. At a time when few women became artists, what might have helped Artemisia Gentileschi in her chosen career? Because her father was an artist, he may have recognized her talent and supported her interest in becoming an artist herself.
18. What does utopia mean? Utopia is an ideal place.
19. Who was William Shakespeare? William Shakespeare was a famous Renaissance writer.
20. What did Johann Gutenburg? Johann Gutenburg was a German craftsman who developed the printing press.
21. How was the northern Renaissance different from the Renaissance in Italy? Educated people combined classical learning with interest in religious ideas and social reform.
22. What did northern European artists paint? They painted lifelike portraits and scenes of peasant life.
23. Who were two of the most famous writers of the northern Renaissance? Thomas More and William Shakespeare
24. What effects did the printing press have? It made it easier
25. What does vernacular mean? Vernacular was the use of native language instead of classical latin.
26. What does skepticism mean? Skepticism was the questioning ideas before accepting them.
27. What was the importance of the use of the vernacular? Books could be read by anyone.
28. How was a new spirit of inquiry reflected by the Renaissance? There was skepticism towards the church.
Created by: reesem