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subcontinent a large landmass that is part of a continent but is considered an independent entity either geographically or politically
monsoons seasonal winds in India
citadel a fortress
Vedas sacred writings of the Indo-Aryans
rajas leaders of ancient cities in Egypt
varnas the four social classes in Vedic society
castes social classes in the ancient Indian class system
Hinduism The largest religion in India;Hindus believe that everything in the world is a power of Brahman,the single great universal being;they also believe in reincarnation and strive to break free from the cycle of rebirth
reincarnation in Hinduism, the belief that after one dies,the soul is reborn into a different form
karma in Hinduism,the totality of a person´s good and bad deeds and the way in which they affect that individual´s fate in the afterlife
moksha in Hinduism, the escape from the cycle of rebirth
dharma in Hinduism the religious and moral duties of an individual
yoga a series of mental and physical exercises that teaches people how to focus their bodies and minds
jainism a religion of India founded about the same time as Buddhism and in reaction to some Hindu practices;believers renounce worldly things,embrace self-discipline,and practice nonviolence
ahimsa in Jainism,nonviolence and respect for all living things
Buddhism the religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches the four noble truths and following the Eighthfold path
Budda Founder of Buddhism,also known as Siddhartha Gautama;he gave up princely life to search for truth and enlightment. He established the Buddhist religion based on the Four Noble Truths and the eighthfold path
Four Noble Truths in Buddhism,the guidelines that are the essence of the Buddha´s teachings that life is suffering,that desires cause suffering,that the annihilation of desires can relive suffering,and the way to relieve suffering is to follow the eighth-fold path
Eightfold Path the Middle way and part of the four noble truths that the Buddha taught as the means to nirvana or enlightment
nirvana in Buddhism,the release from the world and the achievement of peace and enilightment
Middle Way basic Buddhist teachings of the eighth fold path;it advises people to live in moderation,to avoid the extremes of either comfort or discomfort in the search for nirvana
Ioess fine yellowish soil blown from the desert regions
court a gathering of nobles around a monarch
oracle bones inscribed animal bones used to predict the future
Mandate of Heaven the Chinese belief that royal authority is the result of divine approval
dynastic cycle the rise and fall of the Chinese dynasties
confucianism the belief system based on the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius that stressed treating one another humanely and honoring one´s family
Daoism a system of ideas and beliefs based on the ideas and teachings of Chinese thinker Laozi,who believed that people should live a simple,honest life and not interfere with the course of natural events
Created by: patriciacruz