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Anatomical Terms

Fall 2018_Lab Tool_Anatomical Terms_RD

Describe anatomical position. standing, facing forward, arms at sides with palms forward, feet flat on the floor
prone lying face-down
supine lying face-up
cephalic whole head
occipital base of skull
oral mouth area
cervical neck
brachial arm
antebrachial forearm
digital/phalangeal fingers/toes
umbilical navel
dorsum top of foot
lumbar lower back
femoral thighs
crural leg
calcaneal heel
frontal forehead
otic ear area
buccal cheek area
axillary arm pits
antecubital anterior elbow
carpal wrist
sternal breastbone area
coxal hips
vertebral midline of back
gluteal buttocks
patellar anterior knee
sural calf
plantar sole of foot
orbital eye area
nasal nose area
mental chin area
acromial point of shoulder
olecranal posterior elbow
palmar anterior hand
mammary breasts
inguinal groin
dorsal back of body
perineal between genitals & anus
popliteal posterior knee
fibular/peroneal lateral leg
tarsal ankle
midsagittal/median plane divides body into equal right & left parts
parasagittal plane divides body into unequal right & left parts
coronal/frontal plane divides body into anterior& posterior parts
transverse plane divides body into superior & inferior parts
oblique plane any other division of the body
dorsal cavity contains cranial & vertebral cavity
ventral cavity contains thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities
pericardial cavity contains heart
pelvic cavity contains reproductive organs, bladder, part of large intestine
cranial cavity contains brain
thoracic cavity contains 2 pleural cavities & pericardial cavity
pleural cavities contain 1 lung each
diaphragm separates thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities
spinal/vertebral cavity contains spinal cord
abdominal cavity contains stomach, liver, intestines, spleen, pancreas, kidneys
right/left hypochondriac region lateral to epigastric region
right/left lumbar region lateral to umbilical region
right/left inguinal/iliac region lateral to hypogastric region
epigastric region superior to umbilical region
umbilical region region around navel
hypogastric region inferior to umbilical region
superior/cephalic toward the head
posterior/dorsal back of body
superficial closer to skin surface
distal farther from attachment point
inferior/caudal away from the head
lateral further from midline
deep farther from skin surface
anterior/ventral front of body
medial closer to midline
proximal closer to attachment point
What are the 4 abdominal quadrants? right/left upper & right/left lower
What region contains the gallbladder? right hypondriac region
What region contains the spleen? left hypochondriac region
What region contains the appendix? right inguinal region
The forearm is ___________ to the hand. proximal
Created by: rdingle