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HG Ch.2 Vocab

Human Geography Chapter 2 Vocabulary

DefinitionTerm
the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture agricultural density
the total number of people divided by the total land area arithmetic density
a complete enumeration of a population census
the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society crude birth rate
the total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society crude death rate
the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth rate&death rates& low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth&death rates low rate of natural increase&higher total population demographic transition
the scientific study of population characteristics demography
the number of people under age 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force dependency ratio
the number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase doubling time
the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement ecumene
distinctive causes of death in each stage of demographic transition epidemilogic transition
the branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution&control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time and are produced by some special causes not generally present at the affected locality epidemiology
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods Industrial Revolution
the total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year of age for every 1,000 live births in a society infant mortality rate
the average number of years an individual can be expected to live, give current social, economical & medical conditions life expectancy
medical technology invented in Europe&North America that has diffused to the poorer countries in Latin America,Asia,&Africa. Improved medical practices eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries&help more people to live longer Medical Revolution
the percentage of growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate natural increase rate
a situation in which the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living overpopulation
disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population pandemic
the number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suited for agriculture physiological density
a bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age and sex population pyramid
the number of males per 100 females in the population sex ratio
the average number of children a women will have throughout her childbearing years total fertility rate
a decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero zero population growth
Created by: dancer2024
 

 



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