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Intro to Med Lang

TermDefinition
hyper- excessive
hyper- high
glyc/o sugar
-emia blood condition of
hypo- deficient
hypo- low
derm/o (the) skin
-ic pertaining to
pre- before
nat/i birth
-al pertaining to
post- after
prandi/o meals
a- no
men/o menstual
-rrhea flow or discharge or release
ox/o oxygen (o2)
-emia blood condition of
epi- above
gastr/o (the) stomach
supra- above
ren/o kidney
sub- below or under
nas/o (the) nose
infra- below or under
uni- one
ocul/o eye
-ar pertaining to
bi- two
later/o sides
tri- three
foc/o focus
quadri- four
pleg/o paralysis (palsy) of
paralysis (palsy) loss of feeling and loss of movement
peri- around
oste/o bone
-itis inflammation
circum- around
cis/o cutting
-ion process of
ex- out
chole- (the) gall
cyst/o bladder
-ectomy surgical removal (excision) of
an- no
esthesi/o feeling or nervous sensation
-logy study of
phas/o speech
dys- difficult or painful
phag/o swallowing
-ia condition of
endo- within
trache/o (the) trachea
intra- within
muscul/o muscle
inter- between
vertebr/o vertebrae
retro- behind
stern/o (the) sternum
trans- across or through
urethr/o (the) urethra
semi- half
circul/o circle
brady- slow
card/o heart (pulse)
anti- against
contra- against
cept/o conception
electro- electrical activity
cardi/o (in the) heart
-gram a record of
-graph machine to record
-graphy process of recording
echo- using sound
pre- before
thyroid/o thyroid hormone
-ism condition of
micro- small
bi/o life
fung/i fungi
-cide killing
onc/o tumor (cancer)
-gen creation
tachy- fast
-pnea breathing
dipl- double
-opia vision
-plasia growth or development
-trophy growth or development
neo- new
-plasm growth or development
-plasia growth or development
poly- excessive
-uria urination
multi- many
-parous live (viable) births
hemi- half
-paresis partial paralysis (palsy) of
neur/o nerve
tox/o poison
metri/o (the) uterus
acr/o heights
phob/o fear or sensitivity to
leuk/o white
cyt/o cell
erythr/o red
nephr/o kidney
lith/o stone
-iasis abnormal condition of
coagul/o coagulation
path/o disease
-y condition of
vascul/o (blood) vessels
vas/o (blood) vessels
-constriction decreased diameter of
-dilation increased diameter of
angi/o (blood) vessel
-rrhexis rupture (bursting) of
hem/o blood
-rrhage rapid flow of
-rrhagia rapid flow of
hemat/o blood
-emsis vomiting
arthr/o joint
-centesis surgical puncture of
cephal/o (the) head
-algia pain
HA headache
my/o muscle
thorac/o (the) thorax
-dynia pain
splen/o (the) spleen
-megoly enlargement of
hepat/o (the) liver
col/o (the) colon
-tome surgical instrument to cut
-tomy surgical incision of
-stomy artificial opening into
append/o (the) appendix
-scope lighted instrument to view
-scopy process of using a lighted instrument to view
lapar/o (the) abdomen
rhin/o (the) nose
mast/o breast
-pexy surgical fixation of
surgical fixation hold in place
thromb/o clot
-lysis break up or destruction of
-lytic break up or destruction of
herni/o hernia (herniation)
-rrhaphy suturing
hernia protrusion or bulging
cyst/o urinary bladder
-cele herniation of
blephar/o eyelid
-ptosis prolapse of
arteri/o artery
-stenosis narrowing of
therm/o heat
-meter instrument to measure
pelv/i (the) pelvis
-metry process of measuring
lip/o fat (lipid)
-ase enzyme
myel/o bone marrow
-oid resembling
lith/o stone
-tripsy crushing
-ole small
ven/o vein
psych/o (the) mind
-iatry treatment of
melan/o black
-oma tumor or growth or mass
albin/o white
-ism condition of
cyan/o blue
-osis abnormal condition of
cirrh/o yellow
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ual pertaining to
auditory pertaining to hearing
acoustic pertaining to sound
Created by: BunKnits