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TermDefinition
fertile crescent a region of rich farmland that curves from the Mediterranean sea to the Persian Gulf centered on the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Mesopotamia the area that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Southwest Asia
ziggurt a Sumerian temple made of sun-dries brick that was dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a particular city-state
city-state a political unit that includes a town or a city and the surrounding land controlled by it
polytheism the belief in many gods
dynasty a family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary
cuneiform Sumerian writing
Sargon l king of Akkad in Mesopotamia considered the founder Mesopotamia, conquered many cities along the middle Euphrates to northern Syria. He established trade routes with the Indus valley, coast of the Oman islands and the shores of the Persian Gulf.
Hammurabi King of Babylonia; he was a military leader who brought all of Mesopotamia into the Babylonian Empire.He is known for his uniform code of 282 laws, the earliest known set of written laws
Indo-europeans a group of semi-nomadic people who immigrated from southern Russia to the Indian subcontinent around 1700 BC
steppes arid grasslands
Nebuchadnezzer ll Chaldean king of Babylon from 605 to 562 BC; he rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city noted for it's famed Hanging Gardens
Judism a monotheistic religion originating with the Israelites, tracing its origins to Abraham, and having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud
Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible; the most sacred texts of the Jewish Faith
Abraham According to the Bible; the originator of the Jewish line of decent; according to the Qu´ran the ancestor of Arabs; He held a deep devotion to and a great trust in the will of god
convent a binding aggreement
patriarch the ancestral ¨father¨ of judaism
Moses Hebrew prophet and lawgiver; according to the bible, he led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to the Canaan in the Exodus. According to the bible it was during his journey that he received the 10 commandments for god
Exodus the escape of the Hebrews form Egypt
Diaspora the dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine during the 2,600 years that followed the destruction of the Solomons Temple in Jerusalem in 586 BC by the Chaldeans
monotheism the belief in one god
Cyrus the Great the king of Persia and the founder of the Persian Empire; he defeated the Median army and united the Persians and the Medians under his rule
Darius l the king of Persia from 522 to 486 BC; he reorganized and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government
satrap governors of ancient Persia
Xerxes King of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the greeks
Zoroaster the religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia; he founded a religion known as Zoroastrianism based on the idea that people have free will and can act as they chose
dualism the belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil
Created by: patriciacruz