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PHLEB CH.9 BLOOD

PHLEB CH.9

QuestionAnswer
A BALANCED INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT HOMEOSTASIS
TOTAL BLOOD VOLUME IN AVERAGE MALE 5 TO 6 LITERS
TOTAL BLOOD VOLUME IN AVERAGE FEMALE 4 TO 5 LITERS
BLOOD ACCOUNTS FOR ___% OF ONES TOTAL BODY WEIGHT 8
SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF BLOOD HEMATOLOGY
A MEDICAL SPECIALIST IN STUDY OF HEMATOLOGY HEMATOLOGIST
THE REMAINING % OF PLASMA THAT IS NOT WATER IS... ELECTROLYTES, PROTEINS, FATS, GLUCOSE, BILIRUBEN, AND GASES.
MOST ABUNDENT SOLUTE IN PLASMA PLASMA PROTEINS
THREE MAJOR CLASSES OF PLASMA PROTEINS FIBRINOGENS, GLOBULINS, AND ALBUMINS.
WHAT ARE ALBUMINS? ONE OF THE MAJOR CLASSES OF PLASMA PROTEINS, MAKES UP 60% OF PLASMA PROTEINS, HELP TO MAINTAIN A NORMAL BLOOD VOLUME AND BLOOD PRESSURE. MAINTAINS WATER BALANCE.
WHAT ARE GLOBULINS? ONE OF THE MAJOR CLASSES OF PLASMA PROTEINS. MAKES UP 36% OF PLASMA PROTEINS. HAS 3 TYPES.
3 TYPES OF GLOBULINS ALPHA,BETA, AND GAMMA. ALPHA AND BETA PRIMARILY TRANSPORT LIPIDS AND FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS IN THE BLOOD. GAMMA GLOBULINS ARE ANTIBODIES THAT FIGHT IMMUNITY.
FIBRINOGENS ONE OF THE MAJOR CLASSES OF PLASMA PROTEINS. MAKES U 4% OF PLASMA PROTEINS. LARGEST IN SIZE OF ALL PLASMA PROTEINS, ESSENTIAL FOR NORMAL CLOTTING OF BLOOD.
PRODUCTION OF FORMED ELEMENTS IN THE BLOOD HEMOPOIESIS
FIRST EMBRYONIC STAGE OF HEMOPOIESIS WHERE ALL BLOOD TYPES ARE UNDIFFERENTIATED AND UNSPECIALIZED AND THE SAME. HEMOCYTOBLASTS
PROCESS WHERE HEMOCYTOBLASTS BECOME SPECIALIZED IN A FUNCTION DIFFERENTATION
WHAT IS IT CALLED WHEN THE BALANCE BETWEEN FLUID IN THE BLOOD AND FLUID IN INTERSTITIAL TISSUE IS MAINTAINED. OSMOTIC PRESSURE
PHAGOCYTES ENGULF AND DESTROY
ERTHROCYTES TINY BICONCAVE DISCS THAT ARE THINNER IN THE CENTER THAN AROUND THE EDGES AKA RED BLOOD CELLS OR RBCS.
DO MATURE RBCS HAVE A NUCLEUS? NO
2 MAIN COMPONENTS OF RBCS IRON AND PROTEIN, ALSO KNOW TOGETHER AS HEMOGLOBIN
WHAT GAS DOES RBCS BOND TO? OXYGEN
THE BONDING OF O2 TO HEMOGLOBIN WILL FORM... OXYHEMOGLOBIN
WHAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RED PIGMENT IN RBCS? OXYHEMOGLOBIN
THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF RBCS TO TRANSPORT OXYGEN TO THE CELLS OF THE BODY.
ONCE OXYGEN IS RELEASED FROM AN RBC, WHAT IS ABSORBED? WHERE DOES IT THEN RETURN TO? CO2, IT IS NOW CALLED DEOXYHEMOGLOBIN. ; IT THEN RETURNS TO THE LUNGS.
NORMAL RBC RANGE FOR MALE 4.5 TO 6 MILLION PER CUBIC MM OF BLOOD
NORMAL RBC RANGE FOR FEMALE 4.8 TO 6 MILLION PER CUBIC MM OF BLOOD
LEUKOCYTES LARGER THAN RBCS BUT FEWER IN NUMBERS. AKA WHITE BLOOD CELLS OR WBCS.
DOES A MATURE LEUKOCYTE HAVE A NUCLEUS? YES
DOES A LEUKOCYTE POSSES HEMOGLOBIN? NO
HOW MANY TYPES OF WBCS ARE THERE? 5
THE 3 GRANULOCYTES; NEUTROPHILS, BASOPHILS, AND EOSINOPHILS.
WHAT ARE GRANULOCYTES? CELLS THAT HAVE GRANULES IN THEIR CYTOPLASM THAT GIVES THEM A GRAINY APPEARANCE WHEN VEIWED WITH A MICROSCOPE.
WHAT KIND OF NUCLEUS DO GRANULOCYTES HAVE? MULTILOBED
NEUTROPHILS CONSTITUTE 60 TO 70% OF ALL WBCS. THEY ARE PHAGOCYTIC IN NATURE. RESPOND TO INFECTION BY ENGULFING AND DESTROYING.
BASOPHILS CONSTITUTE LESS THAN 1% OF ALL WBCS. THEY SECRETE HISTAMINE URING ALLERGIC REACTIONS, AND HEPARIN AS AN ANTICOAGULANT.
EOSINOPHILS CONSTITUTE 2 TO 4% OF ALL WBCS. INCREASE IN NUMBER IN RESPONSE TO ALLERGIC REACTION IN ORDER TO FIGHT IT.
AGRANULOCYTES CONSISTS OF 2 CELLS THAT DO NOT HAVE GRANULES IN THEIR CYTOPLASM, AND HAVE A LARGE NUCLEUS THAT IS NOT MULT ILOBED.
MONOCYTES ONE TYPE OF AGRANULOCYTE, CONSTITUTES 20 TO 25% OF ALL WBCS AND ARE PHAGOCYTIC IN NATURE.
LYMPHOCYTES ANOTHER TYPE OF AGRANULOCYTE THAT CONSTITUTES 20 TO 25% OF ALL WBCS. PLAYS A HUGE ROLE IN THE IMMUNE PROCESS, SOME LYMPHOCYTES ARE PHAGOCYTIC AND OTHERS PRODUCE ANTIBODIES.
THROMBOCYTES ALSO KNOWN AS PLATELETS, SMALL DISC-SHAPED FRAGMENTS OF LARGER CELLS. THESE CONTAIN NO HEMOGLOBIN AND ARE ESSENTIAL FOR THE NORMAL CLOTTING OF BLOOD.
LARGER CELL THAT THROMBOCYTES FORM FROM ARE MEGAKARYOCYTES.
AVERAGE PLATELET COUNT FOR MALES AND FEMALES 250,000 TO 500,000 PER MM OF BLOOD.
WHAT IS BLOOD CLASSIFIED AS? CONNECTIVE TISSUE
2 COMPONENTS OF BLOOD: LIQUID (PLASMA) AND SOLID (BLOOD CELLS)
WHAT IS PLASMA AND ITS FUNCTION? LIQUID PORTION OF BLOOD; WHOLE BLOOD MINUS THE FORMED ELEMENTS. ITS FUNCTION IS TO TRANSPORT CELLS.
WHAT PERCENTAGE OF PLASMA IS WATER? 90% IS WATER, 10% IS SOLUTES.
NORMAL CLOTTING IS ALSO KNOWN AS COAGULATION.
BLOOD PLATELETS WILL DISINTEGRATE AS THEY FLOW THROUGH THE ROUGHENED BLOOD VESSEL RELEASING AN ENZYME CALLED.. THROMBOPLASTIN
THROMBOPLASTIN WILL CONVERT TO A BLOOD PROTEIN, AND ANOTHER ENZYME. THEY ARE CALLED. PROTHROMBIN (BLOOD PROTEIN) AND THROMBIN (ENZYME)
THROMBIN COVERTS WHAT INTO WHAT? FIBRINOGEN INTO FIBRINS.
THE REALESING OF FIBRIN DOES WHAT? FORM A MESH THAT WILL ADHERE TO THE DAMAGED VESSEL TO FORM A CLOT.
HOW MANY BLOOD TYPES ARE THERE? 4
THE BLOOD TYPES A, B, AB, O
WHAT IS THE ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODY OF BLOOD TYPE A? ANTIGEN A, ANITBODY B.
WHAT IS THE ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODY OF BLOOD TYPE B? ANTIGEN B, ANTIBODY A.
WHAT IS THE ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODY OF BLOOD TYPE AB? ANTIGEN AB, NO ANTIBODIES.
WHAT IS THE ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODY OF BLOOD TYPE O? NO ANTIGEN, HAS BOTH ANTIBODY A AND B.
A SUBSTANCE PRESENT ON THE RBCS THAT CAN STIMULATE THE BODY TO MAKE ANTIBODIES ANTIGEN
SUBSTANCE PRESENT IN THE PLASMA THAT REACTS SOME WAY WITH THE ANTIGEN THAT STIMULATED ITS FORMATION ANTIBODIES
ANTIBODY AND ANTIGEN COMBINATION CAN RESULT IN THE ABNORMAL CLUMPING OF RBCS KNOWN AS AGGLUTINATION.
WHAT BLOOD TYPES CAN A GIVE TO? A AND AB
WHAT BLOOD TYPES CAN B GIVE TO? B AND AB
WHAT BLOOD TYPES CAN AB GIVE TO? AB
WHAT BLOOD TYPES CAN O GIVE TO? A, B, AB, AND O.
WHAT IS THE RH FACTOR? A SURFACE PROTEIN ON THE RBCS NAMED AFTER THE RHESUS MONKEY.
IF YOUR BLOOD DOES CONTAIN THE RH PROTEIN, YOUR BLOOD IS SAID TO BE RH POSITIVE
IF YOU BLOOD DOES NOT CONTAIN THE RH PROTEIN, YOUR BLOOD IS SAID TO BE RH NEGATIVE
85% OF THE POPULATION IS RH WHAT? RH POSITIVE
IS THE RH ANTIGEN DOMINANT OR RECESSIVE? DOMINANT
DURING PREGNANCY AND BIRTH, IF A BABIES RH+ BLOOD GETS INTO THE BLOOD OF AN RH NEGATIVE MOTHER, WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THE MOTHERS BODY? THE MOTHER WILL DEVELOP ANTIBODIES TO THE RH FACTOR.
DO ANTIBODIES TO THE RH FACTOR GO IN EFFECT IN THE PREGNANCY WHERE THEY WERE DEVELOPED OR THE SECOND PREGNANCY? THE SECOND ONE.
IF A RH NEGATIVE MOTHER DEVELOPS RH ANTIBODIES DURING HER PREGNANCY, WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO HER NEXT RH POSITIVE BABY? THE MOTHERS ANTIBODIES CAN CROSS THE PLACENTA AND ATTACK THE BLOOD OF THE FETUS.
WHAT IS IT CALLED WHEN THE MOTHERS RH ANTIBODIES ATTACK THE FETUS AND THE BABY IS LOST? ERTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS
WHAT SUBSTANCE MUST BE ADMINISTERED TO THE RH NEGATIVE MOTHER WITHIN 3 DAYS AFTER THE BIRTH OF HER FIRST RH POSITIVE CHILD TO PREVENT DEVELOPING RH ANTIBODIES? RHOGAM
CAN RH POSITIVE BLOOD GIVE TO RH POSITIVE BLOOD? YES
CAN RH POSITIVE BLOOD GIVE TO RH NEGATIVE BLOOD? NO
CAN RH NEGATIVE BLOOD GIVE TO RH NEGATIVE BLOOD? YES
CAN RH NEGATIVE BLOOD GIVE TO RH POSITIVE BLOOD? YES
WHAT IS THE TRUE UNIVERSAL DONOR BLOOD TYPE? O NEGATIVE
WHAT IS THE TRUE UNIVERSAL RECEIPENT BLOOD TYPE? AB POSITIVE
A CLOT THAT FORMS AND STAYS IN PLACE IN A BLOOD VESSEL THROMBUS
FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF A THROMBUS THROMBOSIS
WHEN A THROMBUS BREAKS OFF AND TRAVELS THROUGH THE BLOOD STREAM, THAT ACTION IS CALLED AN EMBOLISM
A TRAVELING THROMBUS IS CALLED A EMBOLUS
Created by: Kayla41799