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GSE WS6 CH. 2 Review

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following BEST defines government? the system by which a country is organized
Why were governments first created? to keep order and protect the people
What is sovereignty? the right of a group of people to be free of outside interference
What is the main purpose of the legislative branch? create laws for the country
Leonard is elected by citizens. His main job is to work with others to create laws. Once a law is passed in the House of Representatives where Leonard works, it has to go to the Senate to be approved. In what type of legislature does Leonard work? Bicameral legislature
What is the main purpose of the executive branch? enforce laws within the country
What is the main purpose of the judicial branch? settle disputes between citizens
Riley decided to run for office. He won and was elected by the people into office. His main job will be to enforce laws that are prepared and passed by another group of people. In which branch of government does Riley work? executive
Which of the following BEST describes the difference between bicameral and unicameral legislatures? A bicameral legislature is made up of two houses while a unicameral legislature only has one house.
Which part of the government has the most power in a unitary government? central government
Which part of the government has the most power in a confederation government? state/regional government
Which part of the government has the most power in a federal government? central and state/regional government
Maria lives in Geneva, Switzerland. Switzerland is broken into several cantons, or states. Each canton may make laws on its own, but the canton must also follow the laws of the Swiss government. Which type of distribution of power does Switzerland have? federal
Which of the following BEST defines an autocracy? one person has total power in the government
Which of the following BEST defines an oligarchy? a political party or small group has all the power in the government
Which of the following BEST defines a democracy? citizens have the power to elect the government leaders
Sara lives in Zimbabwe. While the leader of Zimbabwe was originally elected, elections have not been held in many years. The military supports the president of Zimbabwe and helps him keep power. What type of government does Zimbabwe have? dictatorship
Louis lives in China and is able to vote in elections for government leaders. All people who run for office must be approved by the Communist Party which makes many of the decisions within the government. What type of government does China have? oligarchy
Read the recent headlines from Thailand below to answer the question: “King dies!” “Entire country mourns the death of their beloved leader” “Crowned Prince will become next king!” Based on the headlines, what type of government does Thailand have? absolute monarchy
Abdul lives in the country of Bahrain. King Hamad has been on the throne since 1999. The King's powers are limited to a ceremonial role. Once Abdul turned 20 years old, he could vote in elections for parliament. What type of government does Bahrain have? constitutional monarchy
Marco lives in Chile. When he turns 18, Marco will be able to register to vote. The leader of his country is elected by citizens and serves a four-year period. What type of government does Chili have? presidential democracy
Sophia is very active within the government and makes sure that she educates herself before going to vote. After a major election for the legislative branch the new head of government is chosen. What type of government does this describe? parliamentary democracy
Which of the following BEST defines the term-head of government? leader who is in charge of running the country
Constructed Response: Write a short paragraph answering the following question: How is the head of government different in a constitutional monarchy and an absolute monarchy? Student response requirement: The student should explain that the head of government in a constitutional monarchy is not a monarch and is usually a prime minister. The head of government in an absolute monarchy is usually a king or queen.
Constructed Response:Write a short paragraph answering the following question:Compare and contrast parliamentary and presidential democracies. Do not use a Venn diagram. Write your answer in paragraph form. Student response requirement: The student should explain that they are similar because citizens are allowed to vote for their leaders. However, in a presidential democracy a leader is directly elected by the citizens and holds office for a set amount of time. The executive branch is separate from the legislative branch. In a parliamentary democracy, citizens vote for members of parliament, who then chose the prime minister who holds office as long as the constitution allows.
Created by: jpkelley