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Coding

Basic Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
-ac pertaining to
-ad toward, increase
-al pertaining to
-algesia pain
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to; relating to
-blast embryonic stage of development
-cele swelling or herniation
-centesis surgical puncture
-cide to kill; to destroy
-clasis crushing or breaking up
-cyte cell
-desis binding or surgical fixation
-dynia pain
-eal pertaining to
-ectasia stretching or dialation
-ectasis stretching or dialation
-ectomy surgical removal
-emia blood condition
er one who
-esis condition of
-gen that which generates
-genic pertaining to formation; producing
gram record or picture
graphy an instrument used to record
gravida pregnancy
ian specialist in a field of study
iasis presence of an abnormal condition
iatric relating to medicine, physicians or medical treatment
iatrician one who treats; a physician
iatrist one who treats; a physician
iatry medical treatment, medical profession
ic pertaining to
ical pertaining to
ician specialist in a field of study
ile pertaining to; capable
ion action; process
ism condition
ist practitioner
itis inflammation
ize to make; to treat or combine with
lepsy seizure, attack
lith stone
lithiasis presence or formation of stones
logy the study of
lytic destruction
mania a mental disorder; madness
megaly enlargement
meter an instrument used to measure
metry the process of measuring
oid resembling
ole small or little
oma tumor
opia visual condition
opsia visual condition
opsy process of viewing
ory pertaining to; characterized by
osis condition
ous pertaining to
pathy disease
penia decrease in; deficiency
pexy surgical fixation
philia attraction to
phobia abnormal fear
plasia formation or development
plasty surgical repair
plegia paralysis
pnea breathing
ptosis drooping or prolapse
rrhagia excessive flow or discharge
rrhaphy suturing
rrhea discharge; flow
rrhexis rupture
scope an instrument used to view
scopy the process of viewing with a scope
stasis stopping or controlling
stomy the surgical creation of a new opening
tic pertaining to
tion process of
tomy incision into
tripsy intentional crushing
ula small, little
ule small one
uria a characteristic of urine
abdomin/o abdomen
ana not, without
anter/o front
cervic/o neck; cervix
coccg/o coccyx
crani/o skull; cranium
cyt/o cell
dors/o back
dys/o bad, difficult, painful, disordered
epi upon, over
hist tissue
hypo under, below, beneath, less than normal
iac pertaining to
ili/o ilium
inguin/o groin
inter between
ion action, process
later/o side
lumb/o loins, lower back
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i pelvis
plasm living substance
poster/o back
proxim/o near
sacr/o sacrum
some a body - of a specified type
spin/o spine
thorac/o chest
umbilic/o navel
ventr/o belly, front side
vertebr/o vertebra
viscer/o internal organs
adip/o fat
albin white
caut/o burn
cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
edema swelling
erythr/o red
fasci/o band of fibrous tissue
hidr/o sweat
hist/o histi/o tissue
ichthy/o fish
kerat/o hard; also refers to cornea of the eye
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
onych/o nails
pil/o hair
scler/o hard; also refers to sclera of the eye
spuam/o scales
trich/o hair
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dryness
blast, blast/o embryonic stage of develpment
calc/o, calc/i calcium
calcane/o heel bone
carp/o wrist
chondr/i, chondr/o cartilage
clast, clastic to break
clavicul/o collarbone
cost/o ribs
crani/o skull, cranium
-desis to bide, tie together
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
humer/o humerus
ischi/o ischium
kyph/o humpback; pertaining to a hump
lamin/o lamina
lord/o swayback; bent
lumb/o loins, lower back
malac/o softening
malacia softening
mandibul/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
mastoid/o mastoid process
maxill/o upper jaw
metacarp/o hand bones
metatars/o foot bones
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow
olecran/o elbow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
patell/o, patell/a kneecap
pelv/i pelvis
phalang/o fingers, toes
physis growth, growing
por/o cavity, opening, passage or pore
porosis porous; lessening in density
pub/o pubis
rach/i spinal column
radi/o radiation; also refers to the radius
scapul/o sholder blade
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebra
sten/o short, contracted or narrow
stern/o sternum
synovi/o, synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
tars/o ankle bones
tempor/o temples of the head
vertebr/o vertebra
bi twice, double, two
bucco/o cheek
-cele swelling or herniation
dors/o back
dys bad, difficult, painful, disordered
electr/o electrical, electricity
fasci/o band of fibrous tissue
graphy process of recording
kinesi/o, kines/o movement
leiomy/o smooth muscle
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
pector/o pertaining to the chest
plegia paralysis
rhabdomy/o striated muscle; skeletal muscle
tax/o coordination, order
tri three
troph/o development
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joing
burs/o bursa
centesis surgical puncture
ligament ligament
oste/o bone
plasty surgical repair
ten/o, tendin/o, tend/o tendon
algesia sensitivity to pain
asthenia strength
brady slow
cerebell/o cerebellum
berebr/o cerebrum
crani/o skull. cranium
encephal/o brain
esthesia sensation or feeling
esthesi/o feeling sensation
esthet/o feeling, nervous sensation or sense of perception
gli/o neuroglia or gluey substance
hypo under, below, beneath, less than normal
kinesia movement
lepsy seizure, attack
lexia reading
mening/o meninges
myel spinal cord or bone marrow
narc/o nerve
neur/o nerve
paresis partial paralysis
phasia speech
plegia paralysis
praxia perform
agglutin/o to clump
aniso unequal
bas/o base
carcin/o cancer
chrom color
coagul/o clotting
cyt/o cell
emia blood condition
eosin/o red, rosy
erythr/o red
globin containing protein
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
is/o equal
kary/o nucleus
leuk/o white
lytic destruction
mono one
morph/o form, shape
nucle/o nucleus
oma tumor
isis condition
penia decrease in; deficiency
phage to eat
phag/o to eat
philia attraction to
phoresis transmission
poiesis formation
poikil/o varied; irregular
sider/o iron
spher/o round; sphere
staphyl/o grapelike clusters
stasis stopping or controlling
strept/o twisted chains
tel/e distance
therapy treatment
thromb/o clot
tox/o poison
angi/o vessel
arter/o, arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
ather/o fatty
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
echo sound
electr/o electrical, electricity
endo within
ventricul/o ventricle of the heart or brain
alveol/o alveolus
atel imperfect or incomplete
bronch/o bronchus
ectasis stretching or dilation
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
nas/o nose
orth/o straight
phon sound
phren mind; also refers to the diaphragm
pheur/o pleura
pne/o breathing
pneum/o breathing
pulmon/o lungs
rhin/o nose
sinus sinus
thor/a chest
trache/o trachea
amyl/o starch
append/o appendix
ase enzyme
bil/i bile
cec/o cecum
celi/o pertaining to the abdomen
cheil/o lips
chol/e bile
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
cirrh/o yellow, tawny
col/o colon
dent/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum (first part of the small intestine)
ectomy surgical removal
emesis vomit
enter intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tounge
gluc/o sugar, sweet
glyc/o sugar, sweet
hepat/o liver
iasis presence of an abnormal condition
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
lapar/o abdominal wall
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
lysis destruction or detachment
odont/o teeth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
pepsia state of digestion
phagia to eat
pharyng/o pharynx
peritone/o peritoneum
proct/o anus or rectum
rect/o rectum
sial/o salivary gland; saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
spasm twitching; involuntary contraction
splen/o spleen
steat/o fat
stomat/o mouth
tresia perforation
tripsy intentional crushing
xer dry
acr/o extremities
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal glands
adrenal/o adrenal glands
andr/o man, male
calc/o calcium
cortic/o cortex
crin/o secrete
crine secrete
dips/o thirst
-dipsia thirst
gonad sex glands
gluc/o sugar, sweet
gynec/o woman
kal/i potassium
lact/o milk
mastitis breast
myx/o relating to mucus
natr/i sodium
oxy sharp, quick
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
somat/o body
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
toxic/o poisons
ambi both, both sides
ambly/o dull
aque/o watery
blephar/o eyelid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
dacry/o tears
dacryocyst/o tear sac
dipl/o double
epi upon, over
eso within
extra outside, beyond
glauc/o gray, silver
hemi half
ir/o iris
irid/o iris
kerat/o hard; also refers to cornea of the eye
lacrim/o tears
mi/o smaller
nas/o nose
nyct/o, nyctal/o night
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
-opia visual condition
opt/o eye, vision
optic/o eye. vision
palpebr/o eyelid
phot/o light
-ptosis drooping or prolapse
pupill/o pupil
retin/o retina
scler/o hard; also refers to sclera of the eye
scot/o darkness
ton tension
-tropia to turn
vitre/o glassy
xer/o dry
albumin/o albumin, protein
azot/o nitrogen
bacteri/o bacteria
cali/o, calic/o calyx, calyces
- cele swelling or herniation
cyst/o bladder, sac or cyst
dips/o thirst
epi upon. over
genic pertaining to formation, producing
glomerul/o glomerulus
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies
meat/o meatus
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
noct/i night
olig/o few, little, scanty
-pexy surgical fixation
pyel/o renal pelvis
py/o pus
ren/o kidney
rrhagia excessive flow or discharge
stenosis tightening or narrowing
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o, urin/o urine condition
vesic/o urinary bladder
balan/o glans penis
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
epididym/o epididymis
hemat/o blood
hydro water
orch/o testicle
orchi/o testicle
orchid/o testicle
prostat/o prostate gland
semin/i semen
sperm/o sperm
spermat/o sperm
test/o testis. testes
vas/o vessel; also refers to vas deferens
zo/o animal (man)
ante before; in front
arche beginning
cervic/o neck; cervix
colp/o vagina
dys bad, difficult, painful, disordered
ecto outside
endo within
episi/o vulva
galact/o milk
gynec/o woman
hyster/o uterus
in in, inside, within, not
intra within
mammo/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
metr/o uterus
metri/o uterus
o/o egg, ovum
oophor/o ovary
ov/o ovum, egg
ovari/o ovary
retro backward, behind
salping/o eustachian tubes; also refers to fallopian tubes
tomy incision into
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
amni/o amnion
ante before; in front
culd cul-de-sac
cyesis pregnancy
episi/o vulva
fet/o fetus
-gravida pregnancy
hyper excessive
lact/o milk
multi many
nat/o birth
nulli none
para to bear
primi first
obstetr/o midwife
pelv/i pelvis
perine/o perineum
salping/o eustachian tubes; also refers to fallopian tubes
-tocia labor
vagin/o vagina
cephal/o head
iatric relating to medicine, physicians or medical treatment
micr/o small
neo new
omphal/o navel
pedi/a child
pyr/o fire, heat
rose/o rose colored
tetr/a four
tympan/o eardrum
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arthr/o joint
arteri/o artery
cardi/o heart
chol/e bile
cine pertaining to movement
cyst/o bladder, sac or cyst
fluor/o luminous
immun/o immune, protection
pyel/o renal pelvis
radi/o radiation; also refers to radius
son/o sound
tel/e distance
tom/o to cut
ultra vein
carcin/o cancer
chem/o pertaining to a chemical, drug
fibr/o pertaining to fiber
melan/o black
meta beyond, after
oma tumor
onc/o swelling, mass or tumor
papill/o resembling a nipple
plasia formation or growth
plasm living substance
sarc/o flesh
scirrh/o hard
hypn/o sleep
iatrist, iatr/o one who treats; a physician
mania madness
ment mind
phobia abnormal fear
phoria emotional state
phren/o mind
psych/o mind
schiz/o split
somat/o body
thymia condition of the mind or will
arter/o, arteri/o artery
geront/o old age
kerat/o hard
malacia softening
myx/o relating to mucus
oste/o bone
porosis porous, lessening in density
pulmon/o lung
presby/o old age
spondyl/o spine
troph/o development, growth
radicul/o root
spin/o spine
cerebr/o head
caus/o burn
astr/o star shaped
praxia perform
esthet/o feeling, nervous sensation or sense of perception
acetabul/o acetabulum
AD alzheimer's disease
aden/o gland
aer/o air; gas
alb, albin/o white
alges/o pain
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
an without, not, no
ana not, without
anethetized numed
aneurysm/o aneurysm
aniso unequal
anter/o before, in front (anterior)
anthrac/o coal
aort/o aorta
lapar/o abdominal wall
append/o appendix
arrhythm/o rhythm
arter/o, arteri/o arteries; artery
-ase enzyme
assay to evaluate
asthenia strength, loss of strength
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
aur ear
auricul/o ear
aut/o self
blackhead open comedos
bar/o pressure
blade scapula
blue cyanosis
CAN cancer
-capnia (condition of) carbon dioxide content in the blood
caus/o burn
cephal/o head
chem/o pertaining to a chemical, drug
chondr/o cartilage
chord/o string, cord
circum around
clasis crushing or breaking up
clast something that breaks
clavicul/o collarbone
CNS central nervous system
bil bile
CT computed tomography
cycl/o ciliary body
-cyesis pregnancy
cythemia condition involving cells of the blood
dacry/o tears
de down, from
dendr/o tree, branches
desis binding or surgical fusion - to bind, tie together
dia through
DIP distal interphalangeal
dipl/o double
cyte cell
dips/o, dipsia thirst
dis free of - to undo
drom/o running
-drome that which runs together
DTR deep tendon reflexes
dur/o dura mater
-eal pertaining to
embolus blood clot
factor allergen
fasci/o band of fibrous tissue
fibul/o fibula
friable easily broken
frontal coronal
genesis generating - formation of
genic pertaining to formation
gchlor/o green
heme iron
hem blood
hetero different
hemer/o humerus
iasis presence of an abnormal condition
iatric relating to medicine, physician or medical treatment
ician specialist in a field of study
idio individual
ile/o ileum
ili ilium
IM intramuscular
in in, inside, within, not
ischi/o ischium
itching pruritus
jand/o yellow
kary/o nucleus
kel/o fibrous growth
KOL collagen
labyrinth inner ear
lact milk
lys/o breakdown or destruction
lysis destruction or detachment
lytic destruction
meter to measure
metry the process of measuring
milli one thousand
MS multiple sclerosis
myring/o eardrum
nephr/o kidney
oophor/o ovary
onych/o nail
orexia appetite
orth straight
ostomy creating a new opening into
pachy thick
pallor white
pan all
par beside, beyond, near, apart from
phak/o lens
plas/o formation, development
plasia formation, development
PNS peripheral nervous system
presby/o old, elderly
poste/o back
praxia perform
ptysis spitting
py/o pus
rach/i spinal column
RUQ right upper quadrent
SA node sinoatrial node
scab dry crust
scot/o darkness
seb sebum
sept/o infection
static stopping or controlling
sten/o short, contracted or narrow
stom/o mouth
sub below
thymia condition of the mind or will
tocia labor
toc/o childbirth
trans across, through
trich/o hair
trophy development, growth
tropia to turn
tropin stimulating effect of a hormone
ventr/o belly, front side
ungu/o nail
uni one
vigor energy
viscer internal organs
WBCs white blood cells
LLQ left lower quadrant
LP lumbar puncture
logist one who specializes in the study of
lingu tongue
pepsia digestion
centesis puncture
ectomy excision, surgical removal
lysis destruction
pexy surgical fixation
plasty repair
orrhaphy suture
scope instrument used for viewing
oscopy visually examining
tome cutting instrument
otomy incision
tripsy crushing
gravida a pregnant woman... followed by number... designates the number of pregnancies (ie.. gravida 2, a woman in her 2nd pregnancy)
para a woman who has given birth to one or more infants (ie... para 2, woman has given birth to two infants)
Created by: Calender726