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AP HUG vocab chapt 3

rubenstein vocab

migration a specific type of relocation diffusion which is a permanent move from one place to another
emigration migration FROM a location
immigration migration TO a location
net migration difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants
mobility a general term covering all types of movement from one place to another
circulation short-term repetitive, or cyclical movements that occur on a regular basis
push factor induces people to move out of their current location
pull factor induces people to move to a new location
refugee people who have been forced to migrate from their home and can't return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion
floodplain the area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends
intervening obstacle an environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration
international migration permanent movement from one country to another
internal migration permanent movement within a country
interregional migration movement from one region of a country to another
intraregional migration movement within one region
voluntary migration implies that the migrant has CHOSEN to move for economic improvement
forced migration means that the migrant has been COMPELLED to move by cultural factors
migration transitions a change in the migration pattern in a society that results from the social and economic changes that also cause demographic transition
undocumented immigrants those who immigrate illegally to the U.S. without proper documents
chain migration is the migrations of people to a specific location because relatives or family members of the same nationality previously migrated there
quota maximum limit on the number of people who can immigrate to the U.S. from each country over one year
brain drain large scale emigration by talented people
guest workers workers who migrate to more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North America, in search of higher paying jobs
population center is the average location of everyone in the country
counter urbanization net migration from urban areas to rural areas