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WH 11

Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Civilizations

Which civilization was located in the Mexican and Central American rain forest (Yucatan Peninsula)? Mayan
What was the Mayan major city? Chichén Itzá
What kind of religion did all three civilizations have? polytheistic
Which civilization was located in central Mexico? Aztec
What was the Aztec major city? Tenochtitlan
Which civilization was located in the Andes Mountains of South America? Incan
What was an Incan major city? Machu Picchu
Mayans developed what kind of calendar? 365-day calendar
Incas kept records using what? quipus (system of knotted strings)
Incas built vast networks of ______. roads
What was the capital of the Incans? Cuzco
How did the Native American people come to be in the Americas? crossed the Bering Strait
How was the Mayan government set up? system of city-states, each ruled by a king
Who was the leader of the Aztecs? a king
Who was the leader of the Incans? an emperor
What type of language/system of writing did the Mayans develop? hieroglyphs
What is the name of the pyramid at Chichén Itzá? "El Castillo"
Which Spanish conquistador destroyed the Aztecs? Hernan Cortes
What disease did the Spanish bring with them to the Americas that killed a lot of the natives? smallpox
What system did the Incas use for the agriculture? terraced farming
What three things caused the downfall of the Aztec Empire? disease, Spanish conquistadors, human sacrifices
What kind of pyramids did the Mayans build? step pyramids
Created by: lacie.holmes