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WH 4

Persia, India, and China

QuestionAnswer
Who was the Persian king who defeated Babylon and freed the Jews? Cyrus the Great
Darius divided the empire into provinces, which were ruled by _____. satraps
Under Darius, what road was built? Royal Road
What is the religion of the Persians? Zoroastrianism
What is the name of the Zoroaster god? Ahura Mazda
What three modern countries make up the territory of Ancient India? India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
Along what river did the Indian civilization start? Indus River
What mountain range bordered the Indian civilization to the north? Himalayas
How did people first get to India? no one knows
What did the city of Mohenjo-Daro have that would not be seen against until the 19th century? indoor plumbing
What group migrated into the Indus region around 1500 B.C.? Aryans
What system did the Aryans introduce that divided the Indian people into classes? caste system
Chandragupta Maurya created what empire in Northern India? Mauryan Empire
Who was the greatest emperor of the Mauryan Empire? Asoka
Asoka eventually converted to what religion? Buddhism
Chandra Gupta created what empire? Gupta Empire
What is the main religion of India today? Hinduism
In Hinduism, reincarnation is based on what? karma
What are the two sacred writings of Hinduism called? Vedas and Upanishads
Who founded Buddhism? Siddhartha Guatama
The Huang He Civilization was in what modern day country? China
Rulers of China ruled under the ______ ______ ______, which said they had God's authority to rule as long as they were just. Mandate of Heaven
Tired of invasions, what did emperor Qin Shi Huangdi build in northern China? The Great Wall of China
Along what route did traders come to China? Silk Road
Who was one of the most important thinkers of ancient China? Confucius
The ancient Chinese philosopher Laozi created what system of belief? Taoism (Daoism)
What are Yin and Yang? two opposite powers which balance out the universe
What modern day country was the empire of Persia located in? Iran
When you divide your government into different sections, with different people in charge of each division, that is called a _____. bureaucracy
Chandragupta Maurya created what empire? Mauryan Empire
What were the two largest early Indian cities? Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
In the Aryan caste system, which group is at the top? Brahmins (priests)
Asoka sent what to spread Buddhism? missionaries
Hindus believe in _______, rebirth based on karma. reincarnation
Buddhists follow what path in order to overcome desires? Eightfold Path
What three items was China famous for having and trading with other civilizations? paper, porcelain, and silk
What is the idea that leaders should rule by example? merit
In Confucianism, they pray to ______, in the hope that they can help from the afterlife. ancestors
If you can balance the forces of Yin and Yang, you can reach _____. harmony
What did Siddhartha say was the cause of all suffering? desire
By following the Eightfold Path, one could obtain release from selfishness and pain by reaching nirvana
What is the basic philosophy of Daoism? people should strive to be in harmony with nature
Which empire is best described by this list? -Spread of Buddhism -Free hospitals -Veterinary Clinics -Good Roads Mauryan Empire
Buddhism was founded in the part of India that is presently known as Nepal
Which major contribution of the Chinese culture is still used in the government today? code of politeness
Created by: lacie.holmes