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Ch 5,6

The Language of Medicine Chabner 8th ed

lapar/o and celi/o both mean abdomen
gloss/o and lingu/o both mean tongue
or/o and stomat/o both mean mouth
labi/o and cheil/o both mean lip
enlargement of the liver hepatomegaly
study of the cause of a disease etiology
incision of the common bile duct choledochotomy
surgical repair of the roof of the mouth palatoplasty
after meals post prandial
new opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum choledochojejunostomy
black, dark-brown, tarry stools melena
membrane that holds the intestines together mesentery
pertaining to under the tongue sublingual
high levels of pigment in the blood(jaundice) hyperbilirubinemia
new connection between two previously unconnected tubes anastomosis
inflammation of the appendix appendicitis
inflammation of the membrane around the abdomen peritonitis
inflammation of the large intestine colitis
inflammation of the gallbladder cholecystitis
inflammation of a salivary gland sialadenitis
inflammation of the small and large intestines enterocolitis
inflammation of the liver hepatitis
inflammation of the pancreas pancreatitis
inflammation of the mouth stomatitis
inflammation of the gums gingivitis
inflammation of the 3rd part of the small intestine ileitis
lack of appetite anorexia
bright, fresh red blood in stools hematochezia
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen ascites
loose, watery stools diarrhea
gas expelled through the anus flatus
discharge of fat in the feces steatorrhea
-pepsia digestion
-ptysis spitting
-emesis vomiting
-ptosis prolapse, sagging
-rrhagia bursting forth of blood
-phagia eating, swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture
-ectasis widening
-stenosis narrowing
-stasis to stop; control
-lysis destruction; separation
-rrhea flow; discharge
difficult swallowing dysphagia
pertaining to the cheek buccal
pertaining to the common bile duct choledochal
polyphagia excessive appetite and uncontrolled eating
odynophagia pain caused by swallowing
proptosis abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
esophageal atresia esophagus is not opened to the stomach at birth
aphthous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers
lipase enzyme to digest fat
cheilosis abnormal condition of the lip
sialadenectomy removal of a salivary gland
periodontal membrane tissue surrounding the tooth
colectomy removal of the colon
spitting up blood from the lungs hemoptysis
difficult digestion dyspepsia
pyloric stenosis congenital defect in newborns blocking flow of food into small intestine
stool guaiac detection of occult(hidden) blood in feces; screening test for colon cancer
liver function tests are blood tests
sugical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen paracentisis(abdominocentisis)
combining form of 1st part of large intestine col/o
pertaining to abdomen celiac
combining form of gums gingiv/o
pertaining to the cheek buccal
common bile duct function carries bile from liver and gallbladder to duodenum
enzyme that digests starch amylase
Chron's disease chronic inflammation of intestinal tract
ring of muscles sphincter
combining form for mouth or/o or stomat/o
colostomy opening to form a mouth in the colon
lipase pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats
jaundice icterus
new opening between two parts of jejunum duodenojejunostomy
stone in salivary gland sialolithiasis
membrane that connects parts of the small intestine mesentery
pulp part of the tooth soft and delicate tissue that fills the center of the tooth that lies underneath the dentin
Muscular wave-like movement to transport food through the digestive system Peristalsis
Created by: fallsummerspring