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Ch 08 A Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
anemia reduction of red blood cells noticed by the patient by weakness and fatigue
aplastic anemia anemia caused by red blood cells not being formed in sufficient quantities
autoimmune disease a diseased caused by the body's immune system attacking the body's own healthy tissue
bilirubinemia the presence of bilirubin in the blood
coagulopathy any disease that deals with problems in blood coagulation
deep vein thrombosis the formation of a blood clot in a vein deep in the body, mostly commonly the leg
hemolytic anemia anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
hemoglobinopathy disease of the hemoglobin
hepatosplenitis inflammation of the liver and spleen
hyperbilirubinemia excessive bilirubin in the blood
hypercholesterolemia excessive cholesterol in the blood
hypercoagulability increased ability of the blood to coagulate
hyperlipidemia excessive fat in the blood
hypersplenism increased spleen activity
hypervolemia increased blood volume
hypovolemia decreased blood volume
immunocompromised having an immune system incapable of responding normally and completely to a pathogen or disease
immunodeficiency immune system with decreased or compromised response to a disease causing organism
immunosuppression reduction in the activity of the body's immune system
iron deficiency anemia anemia caused by inadequate iron intake
ischemia blockage of blood flow to an organ
leukemia cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by the abnormal increase in white blood cells
lymphadenitis inflammation of a lymph gland (node)
lymphangiectasia dilation of a lymph vessel, normally noticed by swelling in the extremities
lymphagitis inflammation of the lymph vessels
lymphoma tumor originating in lymphocytes
myelodysplasia disease characterized by poor production of blood cells by the bone marrow
mononucleosis condition characterized by an abnormally large number of mononuclear leukocytes
myeloma cancerous tumor of the bone marrow
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
phlebarteriectasia dilation of blood vessels
septicemia presence of disease-causing microorganisms in the blood
spherocytosis condition in which red blood cells assume a spherical shape
splenitis inflammation of the spleen
splenopathy any disease of the spleen
splenorrhexis rupture of the spleen
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein caused by a clot
thymoma tumor of the thymus
thymopathy disease of the thymus
tonsillitis inflammation of a tonsil
uremia presence of urine in the blood
Created by: DarrinWan