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Blood Chapter 13

Chapter 13 Blood

QuestionAnswer
White blood cell with reddish granules; numbers increas in alergic reactions Eosinophil
Protein threads that form the basis of a clot Fibrin
Method of separating out plasma proteins by electrical charge Electrophoresis
Foreign material that invades the body Antigens
Pigment produced from hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed Bilirubin
An undifferentiated blood cell is called a (an) Hematopoietic stem cell
Anticoagulant found in the blood Heparin
A disorder of red blood cell morphology is Poikilocytosis
Deficiency in numbers of white blood cells Neutropenia
Immature Red Blood Cell Erythroblast
Derived from bone marrow Myeloid
Breakdown of recipient's red blood cells when incompatible bloods are mixed Hemolysis
Sideripenia occurs causing deficient production of hemoglobin Iron- deficiency anemia
Reduction in red cells due to excessive cell destruction Hemolytic anemia
Failure of blood cell production due to absence of formation of cells in the bone marrow Aplastic anemia
Inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin Thalassemia
Lack of mature red cells due to inaility to absorb vitamin B12 into the body Pernicious anemia
Excessive deposits of iron throughout the body Hemochromatosis
Symptoms of pallor, shortness of breath infection, bleeding gums, predominance of immature and abnormally functioning leukocytes, and low numbers of mature neutrophils in a young child may indicated a likely diagnosis of Acute lymphocytic leukemia
Excessive bleeding caused by congenital lack of factor VIII or IX Hemophilia
Venous blood is clotted in a test tube Coagulation time
Sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that the red cells fall to the bottom and percentage of RBCs is taken Hematocrit
Blood smear is examined to determine the shape or form of cells Red blood cell morphology
Leukocytes are stained and counted under a microscope to see numbers of mature and immature forms White blood cell differential
Venous blood is collected; anti- coagulant added and the distance cells fall in a period of time is determined Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Blood protein that maintains the proper proportion and concentration of water in blood Albumin
Swelling; fluid leaks out into tissue spaces Edema
IgM, IgG, IgA, IgD, IgE Immunoglobulins
Symptoms of disease return Relapse
Relieving symptoms, but not curing disease Palliative
Deficiency of clotting cells thrombocytopenia
Process of clotting coagulation
Large cell that engulfs foreign material and worn out red cells macrophage
White blood cell that destroys foreign material and worn out red cells neutrophil
Blood protein albumin
Produced in bone marrow myelogenous
increase in red blood cells polycythemia vera
Liquid portion of blood plasma
Hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate erythrocyte production in bone marrow erythropoietion (EPO)
Proteins in plasma; can be separted into alpha,beta, and gamma types globulins
plasma protein that maintains the proper amount of water in the blood albumin
proteins made by lymphocytes in response to antigens in the blood antibody
Created by: Spacey Stacy
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