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Final Groups

Hepatic Function Panel A (7) ALT, AST, Alkaline Phosphatase, Albumin, Direct Bilirubin, Total Bilirubin, Total Protein
Required requisition info (3) pt first and last name, type of test, pt DOB
Challenges for geriatric venipuncture (4) skin changes, mental impairment, visual impairment, hearing impairment
Situations that can trigger a hematoma (4) Needle has pierced through a vein, Needle has not been inserted fully into the vein, Blind or excessive probing, Adequate pressure was not applied following venipuncture
Procedural errors that can cause specimen hemolysis (2) drawing blood through a hematoma, failure to wipe away first drop of blood from dermal puncture
"A transfusion of incompatible blood can be fatal because of..." "agglutination (clumping) and lysis (rupturing) of the RBCs within the patient's circulatory system."
"For a drug to be beneficial, the ____ must not exceed toxic levels, and the ______ must remain within the therapeutic range." peak (maximum) level, trough (minimum level)
Possible Sources of Preanalytical Error (3) expired tube, misidentified patient, mixing tubes too vigorously, smoking, pregnancy, altitude
Specimens which must be chilled (2) ammonia, ACTH
Specimens which must be protected from light (2) bilirubin, Vit A
Reasons why specimens might be rejected (4) wrong time, wrong tube, exposure to light, not chilled, QNS
Also must be drawn with creatinine clearance (urine) SST tube
Types of urine specimens (4) random, first morning, fasting, timed
Urine collection methods (3) regular voided, midstream, clean-catch, catheterized, suprapubic aspiration, pediatric
Created by: Jasperonius